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Writing Letters: formal & informal English

11896 ratings | 1567254 views
A letter to your friend and a cover letter for a job application are written very differently. Whether you work in business or are taking the general IELTS or CELPIP test, knowing the difference between informal and formal writing is a skill you should have. Watch this writing lesson, take our quiz, and check out our resource page to become a better writer. - Use the resource: http://www.engvid.com/english-resource/formal-informal-english/ - Take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/writing-letters-formal-informal-english/ http://www.engvid.com/ TRANSCRIPT: Hello, my name is Emma, and in today's lesson we are going to learn about writing. What kind of writing? Writing letters. Okay? So this is important for people who work in business. It's also important for people who like to write letters to their friends maybe or to their grandparents in English. Also, it is very... It is a very useful video for anyone who is taking the general IELTS test. So if you're taking not academic, but general, this is an important video. And also, if you plan to immigrate to Canada and you want to do the Canadian immigration test which is called: "the CELPIP", this video is also... It will also be useful and helpful to you. Okay? So let's get started. What do I mean by "formal" and "informal"? "Informal" means something you would write to your friends, something you would write to your parents, - well, probably your parents unless you're afraid of your parents, then you might be more formal -, your classmates, your coworkers. Okay? So this is... It means it's not formal; it's for people you know well. On the other hand, "formal" English we use with strangers, we use with our boss, in the workplace, we use it in these different ways. So it's the English you really have to think about, whereas informal is kind of the relaxed English. So relaxed, serious. Okay? So, sometimes you will have to write a letter formally, maybe to your boss or your company, other times maybe you're on holiday and you want to write a letter to your friend, you'll use informal English. So what is the difference? Let's see. Informal English uses contractions. What are contractions? "Didn't", "wouldn't", "couldn't", "haven't", "hasn't". So if you see a verb with an apostrophe and then a "t", that is a contraction. Okay? It's very important to know this because in formal writing, you don't use contractions. "Didn't" would be: "Did not". I can write that for you. "Did not". Couldn't: could not, haven't: have not, can't: cannot. Okay? So that's one major difference. Another major difference between formal and informal writing is the use of idioms; the use of certain expressions. If I'm writing to my friend, maybe I'll say: "Oh, you know, I've been very under the weather lately." Meaning: I've been very sick. If I'm writing to my boss, I won't use idioms. If I'm writing a formal letter, I will not use idioms. Those aren't good to use in formal writing. Phrasal verbs, this is another thing we find in informal writing. What is a phrasal verb? It's a verb that has a preposition. Okay? So, for example: "find out", "find" is a verb, "out" is the preposition. "Go" is the verb, "up" is the preposition. So the... The preposition adds a different meaning to the verb. Phrasal verbs are very difficult to learn; we have so many of them in English. My students have told me phrasal verbs are one of the hardest parts of learning English, but it's possible, you can do it.
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Text Comments (678)
Mari_Vargas_ Sandoval (2 hours ago)
*_FORMAL_* : That´s awesome *_Informal¨_* : That is awesome
Hala Fr (2 days ago)
Hiba 92 (5 days ago)
Thank you very much. It is very helpful
Rabeea Riaz (13 days ago)
thank u soooooo much it is very helpful......
한국인 손
Amjid Afridi (18 days ago)
so nice send me your watts up numbr please
Robb Stark (19 days ago)
This was just to plug your website, wasn't it?
Pratima Rathore (21 days ago)
It is very bad english
Love you soo.
Maryam (22 days ago)
Jjsjsj thanks
venkatesh desai (26 days ago)
Abul Nasar (1 month ago)
Very nice
Prashant Gupta (1 month ago)
introduction is nice this is that much nice even i didn't see whole vedio i comment on it than you can thik i hope vedio is also good
Sara Islam (1 month ago)
great lesson thanks a lot, If you don't mind madam I would like to have more examples of latin words
Vinutha Venkatesh (1 month ago)
I have the shock to write the informal letter 😇😇😇😇😇😇
Ashit Dutta (1 month ago)
thank you teacher your teaching is very nice l like it
Fatoyinbo Rapheal (1 month ago)
May God blessed you ma,I really enjoy it
Indrakshi Niwas (1 month ago)
good tips, thanks
Flipping Filip (1 month ago)
Thanks great video!
Bruno Manoel (1 month ago)
Sudhir Nayak (1 month ago)
I love it
Mohith H.C (1 month ago)
Great teacher
Ritesh Kushwaha (1 month ago)
Thanks aunty
Hyper_Monk (1 month ago)
Hi Emma, in the case of a superior officer writing a mail querying a subordinate, can ‘please send it soon’ be used? Is it formal enough?
Julieta Wapetona (2 months ago)
This content has loads of effort in it! Thank you!!
Pan cho (2 months ago)
english have latin word
Puspa Mishra (2 months ago)
very useful
sweta pandey (2 months ago)
tq so much maam, its really helpful for me
rodrigo cezar oliveira (2 months ago)
Emma thank you so much for your videos, it helps me a lot in my studies, congratulations! Best regards!
AB SAPRAM (2 months ago)
Thanks u so much I got 100% in my test🤙🏿
AB SAPRAM (2 months ago)
I have ligma
Pum Lian (2 months ago)
thank you
D.J. Sinha (2 months ago)
Lovely lady. Was informative. Thanks.
Madhu Gorai (2 months ago)
So kind of you. thanks
shiploo md (2 months ago)
will you be judged negatively in the general writing task 1, if you use many formal terms (moreover, furthermore, nevertheless)? Because non native speakers use more formal terms than non-formal terms.
None One (2 months ago)
Thanks Emma
None One (2 months ago)
I do love what's about letter is...it makes me figure out about a thing
laxx kumar (2 months ago)
I love your voice 😍😍😍
xnx qAp (2 months ago)
this video is way too formal for me to understand... even the informal one seems formal to me..... great video thought...
Fabiana Pereira (3 months ago)
Emma, I think your videos awesome! I would like to ask for a new video with vocabulary related to Wi-Fi!
Ashok K (3 months ago)
Thanks very easy to understand
subham pandey (3 months ago)
thank u emma ..
Eliman Ceesay (3 months ago)
Very interesting
Lakshya Saini (3 months ago)
Thanks, emma it was very useful for me
Amirun Nessa (3 months ago)
Hi. Thanks for examples. Which year was this published? I am talking about the video about informal and formal. :)
Manjula U.K. Kulatunga (3 months ago)
Mohamed abdul Rahman (3 months ago)
thanks Emma
DMKA AOTEAROA (3 months ago)
This is so out dated know you can write how ya want nowadays
Farid Bashir (3 months ago)
Excellent videos keep it up
Ved Jadhav (3 months ago)
Jerome (3 months ago)
I only got 6.0 in writing in my recent exam. huuhuhuhuhuh I am aiming for atleast 6.5. My task 2 question was, Are supermarkets and shopping center a positive or negative development? State your opinions.
Satish Kumar Devraj (3 months ago)
Your style and technique of teaching is unique ..... You use very appropriate sentences and melodious accent .......
Mercy Ogundare (4 months ago)
I really enjoyed this lesson so helpful
Malikmalik malik tanha (4 months ago)
plz tel me one letter
Usman Qarar (4 months ago)
thanks a lots of your teaching into english. i have got the most knowledge with your teaching.i have big problem to do pronounciation of a word or paragraph.if you have any solution of this
singh1789 (4 months ago)
in informal letter, can i start the letter with by saying ' i hope this letter finds you in radiant health and the best of spirits?
awesomesauce666 (4 months ago)
would you be open to fornication?
awesomesauce666 (4 months ago)
shit, I always use contractions...
Satyaprakash Yadav (5 months ago)
Letter interested learning English write a letter to director language
Adarsh Pandey (5 months ago)
I am what
Rahul Tiwari (5 months ago)
I like your video
Imranrexses Is cool (5 months ago)
this got me a A+
Richa Elizabeth (5 months ago)
You have 1 million subscribers!?!?
Anastasia Darsi (5 months ago)
thanks for your lessons,they are very helpful
be strong (5 months ago)
Pritika jai (5 months ago)
Hi, This video is really helpful. Can you post more videos for CELPIP?
Adityaa Venkatesh (5 months ago)
Yogesh Garg (5 months ago)
its very appreciating
s s (5 months ago)
Thank you Dear Emma
Junaid Khan (5 months ago)
Hello,Madam I'm your new student I'm from Pakistan. I want to learn English. Please could help me in my study
Sadiq Jan (5 months ago)
Thank you for teaching me
Sadiq Jan (5 months ago)
What? My friends say this too. I am in class six and I already learnt them.
Shakeela Mohammed Ali (5 months ago)
not bad
Kai Steve (5 months ago)
Aigera Kashkarbekova (6 months ago)
Thank you Emma. Your lessons strongly useful.
Berihu Heile (6 months ago)
I hope in ten months I speak good English
Gech Habeshaw (6 months ago)
i need the format of the letters
mathi frerez (6 months ago)
no te entiendo nada
Rookie Rowdie (6 months ago)
Formal "The courtesy of your hall is somewhat lessened of late" Informal "This whole place stinks and you're f**king rude!"
Infotainer (6 months ago)
Thanks Miss Emma. Appreciate the hardwork you put in
Ella Knox (6 months ago)
toooooooooooooooooooooooooooo much talking.
Mari_Vargas_ Sandoval (2 hours ago)
Ella Knox (6 months ago)
Dalek Master (6 months ago)
Got an English exam tomorrow about this hope it’s works thank you
Mahmud Emon (7 months ago)
Emma is the best in ielts teacher. Love you & go ahead 💞💞💞
naren bdi (7 months ago)
Mam I do not know English language .how can I learn it ?
Rafael Naviliat (7 months ago)
Emma(engVid).com,Noticas al momento,Rafa tuve que ahser cosas antes de empesar asi que aun sigo contigo hasta que no soluciones despues de lo de al leccion 0,por eso desidi seguiro contigo Emma,bueno escriviremos que en el ejersicio que o dises,y fueronmsi Noticas al moemtno,Rafa,G+.
新【しん】 (7 months ago)
I think most Japanese people can’t tell the difference between informal and formal. It's too difficult....
Sparkles the giraffe (7 months ago)
How do i start and finish a formal letter?
Yasir Omer (7 months ago)
Edo👍 (7 months ago)
Grazie uagliò
raja haroon gulzar (7 months ago)
Thank you for sharing such a valuable video, but let me know that how can we make a practice of writing letters at home and how can we clarify our mistakes?
BLOM BUSTERS (7 months ago)
i needed this for my exam thx for makin this vid
salman naqvi (7 months ago)
Very nice video it is strongly help full for us
Ghshdv Gsbd (8 months ago)
can we write informal letter to school principal
Ghshdv Gsbd (8 months ago)
can we write informal letter to school principal
Sally Hammer (8 months ago)
you sound retarded
poti simo (8 months ago)
Thank you so much
Shivam Tiwari (8 months ago)
Imtiaz WaFa Gilgiti (8 months ago)
Reading skill please
Shivangi Singh (8 months ago)
I love you

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