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MuniCon 2017 | City of Poulsbo Liberty Bay TMDL Implementation Plan
 
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Presented at the 2017 Washington State Municipal Stormwater Conference (May 17, 2017) Presenters: Diane Lenius (City of Poulsbo) and Phil Struck (Sealaska Environmental Services) Abstract Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Plans apply to many waters of the state, and specific TMDL compliance requirements are attached to dozens of municipal NPDES permits. TMDL compliance requirements have increased with each NPDES permit update, and are likely to increase in future updates as long as receiving waters continue to not meet water quality standards. The City of Poulsbo Liberty Bay TMDL Implementation Plan project describes one community's successful approach to proactively addressing and attaining TMDL requirements. The City of Poulsbo is the primary municipality affected by the Liberty Bay TMDL Plan, which is designed to restore beneficial uses that include commercial shellfish harvesting. Stormwater from the City was identified in the TMDL Plan as a primary loading source, requiring significant reductions at multiple locations. In response, the City prepared the Poulsbo TMDL Implementation Plan to describe the historical water quality context, storm system analysis, technical prioritization criteria, CIP and funding plan for attaining TMDL goals. The City used a watershed assessment approach that included evaluation of 7 sub-watersheds, over 40 sub-basins, and 10 years of water quality monitoring data to assess progress toward water quality goals, as well as identify and prioritize corrective action needs. Assessment results showed significant progress has been achieved in attaining water quality standards, with specific improvements associated with over $10M in stormwater quality retrofit projects that have been implemented by the City over the last 10 years. Specific project challenges included securing funding for the project, coordination with other jurisdictions within the watershed, and obtaining elected official support for implementation. These challenges were addressed through creative funding approaches, an interagency technical review team, and multiple meetings and presentations to public officials. The ability to demonstrate that past investment was producing measurable water quality improvement was a key component of meeting each of these challenges, as showing that implementation could be accomplished within the existing rate structure. The City's TMDL Plan provides a success story that shows how water quality goals and TMDL compliance can be funded, accomplished, documented and sustained. It provides an effective tool to ensure utility funds are used in a cost effective manner. The project also provides a potential model approach for other NPDES permittees that are interested in taking proactive steps to meeting TMDL requirements, improving water quality and demonstrating effective use of utility rates to their communities.
Delaware Valley
 
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Culturally, the Delaware Valley is taken by various commercial media and advertising venues to mean the Philadelphia metropolitan area, but geographically, geologically, and historically the term used to refer to the valley through which the Delaware River flows. In geology and geography, a strict sense of the term would incorporate the Delaware River's main drainage basin, so encompass major tributaries such as the Schuylkill River and Lehigh River and their valleys or sub-basins. These extensions also apply culturally with decreasing degree gradually decreased by proximal distance because the ease of land travel enables a great deal of daily interaction; for example, the large number of commuters which travel daily 45–90 minutes creates cultural blends and parallel values. However, this article discusses the economic region centered on the cities on the tidal part of the Delaware Valley, including the metropolitan areas centered on Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Reading, Pennsylvania; Camden, New Jersey and Wilmington, Delaware. It is roughly the Philadelphia–Reading–Camden–Wilmington, Pennsylvania–New Jersey–Delaware–Maryland (PA-NJ-DE-MD) Metropolitan Statistical Area. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 63 Audiopedia
The Rich in America: Power, Control, Wealth and the Elite Upper Class in the United States
 
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The American upper class describes the sociological concept pertaining to the "top layer" of society in the United States. About the book: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0078026717/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=0078026717&linkCode=as2&tag=tra0c7-20&linkId=2eb8359867676703c845d545981030e7 This social class is most commonly described as consisting of those with great wealth and power and may also be referred to as the Capitalist Class or simply as The Rich. Persons of this class commonly have immense influence in the nation's political and economic institutions as well as public opinion. Many politicians, heirs to fortunes, top business executives, CEOs, successful venture capitalists and celebrities are considered members of this class. Some prominent and high-rung professionals may also be included if they attain great influence and wealth. The main distinguishing feature of this class, which is estimated to constitute roughly 1% of the population, is the source of income. While the vast majority of persons and households derive their income from salaries, those in the upper class derive their income from investments and capital gains. Estimates for the size of this group commonly vary from 1% to 2%, while some surveys have indicated that as many as 6% of Americans identify as "upper class." Sociologist Leonard Beeghley sees wealth as the only significant distinguishing feature of this class and, therefore, refers to this group simply as "the rich." " "The members of the tiny capitalist class at the top of the hierarchy have an influence on economy and society far beyond their numbers. They make investment decisions that open or close employment opportunities for millions of others. They contribute money to political parties, and they often own media enterprises that allow them influence over the thinking of other classes... The capitalist class strives to perpetuate itself: Assets, lifestyles, values and social networks... are all passed from one generation to the next." -Dennis Gilbert, The American Class Structure, 1998 " Sociologists such as W. Lloyd Warner, William Thompson and Joseph Hickey recognize prestige differences between members of the upper class. Established families, prominent professionals and politicians may be deemed to have more prestige than some entertainment celebrities who in turn may have more prestige than the members of local elites. Yet, contemporary sociologists argue that all members of the upper class share such great wealth, influence and assets as their main source of income as to be recognized as members of the same social class. As great financial fortune is the main distinguishing feature of this class, sociologist Leonard Beeghley at the University of Florida identifies all "rich" households, those with incomes in the top 1% or so, as upper class. Functional theorists in sociology and economics assert that the existence of social classes is necessary in order to distribute persons so that only the most qualified are able to acquire positions of power, and so that all persons fulfill their occupational duties to the greatest extent of their ability. Notably, this view does not address wealth, which plays an important role in allocating status and power. In order to make sure that important and complex tasks are handled by qualified and motivated personnel, society offers incentives such as income and prestige. The more scarce qualified applicants are and the more essential the given task is, the larger the incentive will be. Income and prestige which are often used to tell a person's social class, are merely the incentives given to that person for meeting all qualifications to complete an important task that is of high standing in society due to its functional value. "It should be stressed... that a position does not bring power and prestige because it draws a high income. Rather, it draws a high income because it is functionally important and the available personnel is for one reason or another scarce. It is therefore superficial and erroneous to regard high income as the cause of a man's power and prestige, just as it is erroneous to think that a man's fever is the cause of his disease... The economic source of power and prestige is not income primarily, but the ownership of capital goods (including patents, good will, and professional reputation). Such ownership should be distinguished from the possession of consumers' goods, which is an index rather than a cause of social standing." -Kingsley Davis and Wilbert E. Moore, Principles of Stratification. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_upper_class
Views: 464900 The Film Archives
Viewer Question about Land Leasing.flv
 
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Panelists respond to a viewer question about mineral rights and leasing land for natural gas exploration and drilling. Panelists offer suggestions of what to consider before you lease your land for these activities.
Views: 226 OPENnetTV
National Weather Service Flood Warning Operations and Associated Gage Networks
 
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The Asheville Floods of September 2004: 10 Years of Action, Research, and Mitigation. Presented by UNC Asheville's National and Environmental Modeling and Analysis Center and Atmospheric Sciences Department. Featuring Chris Horne, Observing Program Leader, National Weather Service.