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Colon Cancer: Pathology, Symptoms, Screening, Cause and Risk Factors, Animation
 
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Colorectal cancers: pathology, symptoms, screening tests, causes, inherited forms, risk factors. Perfect for patient education. This video and other related images/videos (in HD) are available for instant download licensing here : https://www.alilamedicalmedia.com/-/galleries/images-videos-by-medical-specialties/gastroenterology-digestive-diseases ©Alila Medical Media. All rights reserved. Voice by: Ashley Fleming Support us on Patreon and get FREE downloads and other great rewards: patreon.com/AlilaMedicalMedia All images/videos by Alila Medical Media are for information purposes ONLY and are NOT intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Colon cancer, commonly grouped together with colorectal cancer, is cancer of the large intestine – the final portion of the digestive tract. It is the most common of all gastrointestinal cancers. Colon cancer usually starts from a small growth called a polyp. Polyps are very common, but most polyps do NOT become cancers. Polyps can be of various types, some of which are more likely to develop into malignant tumors than others. Early-stage colon cancer generally produces NO symptoms. Advanced-stage symptoms VARY depending on the location of the tumor, and may include: changes in bowel habits that PERSIST for weeks; blood in stool; abdominal pain and discomfort; constant feeling that the bowel doesn't empty completely; fatigue; and unexplained weight loss. EARLY detection is the key to prevent colon cancer. Because a PRE-cancerous polyp usually takes YEARS to develop into a malignant tumor, colon cancer can be EFFECTIVELY prevented with regular screening. There are 2 major types of screening tests: - Stool-based tests: stool samples are examined for signs of cancer, such as blood and mutated DNA. These tests are NON-invasive but LESS effective and need to be done more often. - VISUAL screening, such as colonoscopy, is more reliable and can be done every 5 or 10 years. Colonoscopy uses a long, flexible tube equipped with a camera and light, to VIEW the entire colon. If polyps or abnormal structures are found, surgical tools are passed through the tube to remove polyps or take tissue samples for analysis. Typically, any polyps found in the colon are removed during colonoscopy and examined for pre-cancerous changes, known as dysplasia. If high-grade dysplasia is detected, a follow-up colonoscopy is required to monitor the condition. Colorectal cancers are caused by MUTATIONS that INcrease the rate of cellular division. Some of these mutations can be INHERITED from parents. Examples of inherited colorectal cancers include: - Familial adenomatous polyposis, or FAP: a condition caused by mutations in the APC gene. The APC protein acts as a tumor SUPPRESSOR, keeping cells from growing and dividing too fast. Mutations in APC result in UNcontrolled cell division, causing HUNDREDS of polyps to grow in the colon. FAP patients usually develop colon cancer by the age of 40. - Lynch syndrome: another inherited condition caused by changes in genes that normally help REPAIR DNA damages. A FAULTY DNA repair results in INcreased rate of mutations. Patients are at high risks of colorectal cancer as well as other types of cancers. In most cases, however, the mutations that lead to cancer are ACQUIRED during a person’s life rather than being inherited. The early event is usually a mutation in the same APC gene that is responsible for FAP. While FAP is a RARE condition, APC mutations are VERY COMMON in SPORADIC colorectal cancers. Apart from genetic predisposition, other risks factors for colon cancer include: aging, high-red meat and low-fiber diets, obesity, alcohol use, smoking, diabetes, and inflammatory intestinal conditions, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.
Views: 3691 Alila Medical Media
does blood group determine cancer?
 
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Could your blood group determine your risk of major cancers, infertility and stomach ulcers, as well as diseases such as cholera and malaria? For years, the idea that blood groups had any medical significance beyond blood transfusions was dismissed by scientists. It hasn’t been helped by the celebrity’s favourite, the ‘blood group diet’, which claims your blood type determines how your body responds to certain food. Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1359293/Yes-blood-group-DOES-affect-health.html#ixzz4fHThAoNI Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on FacebooBut a growing number of studies is revealing how our blood groups may make us more prone to lethal illnesses — or even protect us from them. The latest research into blood types shows that having group O blood can lower your risk of heart attacks. Researchers at Pennsylvania University discovered this benefit in a study involving 20,000 people. Their research, to be published in The Lancet, found that most people who have a gene called Adamts7 face a significantly raised risk of suffering a heart attack. But in people with blood group O who have the Adamts7, there is no raised risk. Dr Muredach Reilly, the lead researcher, says this knowledge may help to develop new therapies for people at risk of heart attacks. Such drugs may mimic the beneficial effect of the O blood group gene. Only 40 per cent of people in Britain know what their group is, according to the National Blood Service. But in future, we may be far more keen to learn it — and to understand its life-saving implications. Our blood group is Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1359293/Yes-blood-group-DOES-affect-health.html#ixzz4fHTwzCDr Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on FacebookBut a growing number of studies is revealing how our blood groups may make us more prone to lethal illnesses — or even protect us from them. The latest research into blood types shows that having group O blood can lower your risk of heart attacks. Researchers at Pennsylvania University discovered this benefit in a study involving 20,000 people. Their research, to be published in The Lancet, found that most people who have a gene called Adamts7 face a significantly raised risk of suffering a heart attack. But in people with blood group O who have the Adamts7, there is no raised risk. Dr Muredach Reilly, the lead researcher, says this knowledge may help to develop new therapies for people at risk of heart attacks. Such drugs may mimic the beneficial effect of the O blood group gene. Only 40 per cent of people in Britain know what their group is, according to the National Blood Service. But in future, we may be far more keen to learn it — and to understand its life-saving implications. Our blood group is Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1359293/Yes-blood-group-DOES-affect-health.html#ixzz4fHTwzCDr Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on FacebookBut a growing number of studies is revealing how our blood groups may make us more prone to lethal illnesses — or even protect us from them. The latest research into blood types shows that having group O blood can lower your risk of heart attacks. Researchers at Pennsylvania University discovered this benefit in a study involving 20,000 people. Their research, to be published in The Lancet, found that most people who have a gene called Adamts7 face a significantly raised risk of suffering a heart attack. But in people with blood group O who have the Adamts7, there is no raised risk. Dr Muredach Reilly, the lead researcher, says this knowledge may help to develop new therapies for people at risk of heart attacks. Such drugs may mimic the beneficial effect of the O blood group gene. Only 40 per cent of people in Britain know what their group is, according to the National Blood Service. But in future, we may be far more keen to learn it — and to understand its life-saving implications. Our blood group is Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1359293/Yes-blood-group-DOES-affect-health.html#ixzz4fHTwzCDr Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on FacebookBut a growing number of studies is revealing how our blood groups may make us more prone to lethal illnesses — or even protect us from ople with blood group O who have the Adamts7, there is no raised risk. Dr Muredach Reilly, the lead researcher, says this knowledge may help to develop new therapies for people at risk of heart attacks. Such drugs may mimic the beneficial effect of the O blood group gene. Only 40 per cent of people in Britain know what their group is, according to the National Blood Service. But in future, we may be far more keen to learn it — and to understand its life-saving implications. Our blood group is Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1359293/Yes-blood-group-DOES-affect-health.html#ixzz4fHTwzCDr tps://www.youtube.com/channel/UCw8sEA5iqC2YyMu-SOrKG0Q
Views: 1081 natural health cures
blood transfusion review 2017 mandatories
 
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Table of Contents: 00:00 - Transfusion Associated Circulatory Overload (TACO) 00:00 - Marker 01:17 - Transfusion Related Acute Lung Injury (TRALI) 01:54 - Marker 02:05 - Blood Transfusion Points to Remember: 02:42 - Marker 03:04 - Marker 03:04 - Marker
Views: 346 EMCM Educators
Colonoscopy of Diverticular Bleeding
 
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Diverticular bleeding is a common cause of lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Patients typically present with massive and painless rectal hemorrhage. If bleeding is severe, initial resuscitative measures should include airway maintenance and oxygen supplementation, followed by measurement of hemoglobin and hematocrit levels, and blood typing and crossmatching. Patients may need intravenous fluid resuscitation with normal saline or lactated Ringer's solution, followed by transfusion of packed red blood cells in the event of ongoing bleeding. Diverticular hemorrhage resolves spontaneously in approximately 80 percent of patients. If there is severe bleeding or significant comorbidities, patients should be admitted to the intensive care unit. The recommended initial diagnostic test is colonoscopy, performed within 12 to 48 hours of presentation and after a rapid bowel preparation with polyethylene glycol solutions. If the bleeding source is identified by colonoscopy, endoscopic therapeutic maneuvers can be performed. These may include injection with epinephrine or electrocautery therapy. If the bleeding source is not identified, radionuclide imaging (i.e., technetium-99m-tagged red blood cell scan) should be performed, usually followed by arteriography. For ongoing diverticular hemorrhage, other therapeutic modalities such as selective embolization, intra-arterial vasopressin infusion, or surgery, should be considered. In patients with lower GI bleeding, the initial diagnostic procedure of choice is colonoscopy. During the procedure, the colonoscopist evaluates the colon for mucosal changes, infectious pathology, colitis, and ischemic changes to exclude these diagnoses. Colonoscopy should be performed within 12 to 48 hours of presentation and after colonic lavage with purge preparation (1 L polyethylene glycol solution every 30 to 45 minutes for at least two hours or until there is clear effluent). Colonic diverticula associated with bright red- to maroon-colored stool with clots are the most common findings on colonoscopy and are suggestive of, but not diagnostic for, diverticular bleeding in the absence of other pathologic findings. Active bleeding or stigmata of hemorrhage (visible vessel or pigmented protuberance) are identified in only 10 to 20 percent of colonoscopic examinations for diverticular bleeding. When present, these findings are associated with a high risk of continued or recurrent bleeding. The advantage of colonoscopy over other diagnostic modalities is direct visualization, allowing for exclusion of other etiologies of lower GI bleeding, as well as for immediate therapy. Colonoscopy is safe and effective, with a diagnostic yield of 69 to 80 percent in acute lower GI bleeding. Diverticular bleeding Diverticulitis is one main complication of diverticular disease of the colon. The other is diverticular bleeding. It occurs when a diverticulum erodes into the penetrating artery at its base. Because acute inflammation is absent, patients with diverticular bleeding don't have pain or fever. The most common symptom is painless rectal bleeding. Since diverticular bleeding occurs in the colon, it produces bright red or maroon bowel movements. (In contrast, when bleeding occurs in the stomach, the blood is partially digested as it passes through the intestinal tract, so it appears as black, tar-like bowel movements). In most patients, the bleeding is mild, and it usually stops on its own with bowel rest. But brisk bleeding is a life-threatening emergency. It requires expert hospital care with blood transfusions and IV fluids. It also requires aggressive attempts to locate the site of bleeding and to stop it. Several techniques are available; most experts recommend colonoscopy (doctors can see the bleeding artery through the scope and cauterize or clip it to stop the bleeding) or angiography (doctors thread a catheter into the artery that supplies blood to the colon, inject dye to see the bleeding artery on x-rays, and then inject medication to constrict the artery and stop the bleeding). If neither approach stops the bleeding, surgery may be needed.
Here Is Everything You Need You Know About Blood Types – Health Lifestyle
 
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Here Is Everything You Need You Know About Blood Types – Health Lifestyle !! People are either 0, A, B or AB blood type from birth. It is said by the experts that every type has its own characteristics and here are some of them: 1: Blood type and offspring’s 85 percent of people are Rh positive and if the man is Rh positive but the woman is Rh negative, there is a risk of health issues in the child. 2: Blood type and diseases Every type, depending on the health, is less or more prone to issues, so you should check this out. 3: Blood type and diet See which diet is good for your blood type and which one to avoid. Type 0 needs more meat and fish, A needs more vegetables, B needs red meat and AB needs lean meat and seafood. 4: Blood antigens These are in the mouth, colon, lungs, nostrils, blood and GI tract. 5: Blood type and stress People with type 0 need more resting than the others. 6: Blood type and weight Blood type says a lot of the weight, for example, type A have almost no issues while type 0 can have more belly fat. 7: Blood type and pregnancy Women who are blood type AB conceive easier than the other blood types and they have less making of follicle hormones. 8: Blood type and urgencies If someone is in need for blood transfusion, you should know that those with blood type 0, Rh negative can be universal donors while the blood type AB are universal recipients.
Views: 649 Healthy Lifestyle
My blood Transfusion
 
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Please watch share and subscribe, change someone’s life in a positive way.
Ozone Therapy and Blood Cleaning
 
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http://www.medicalozone.info Ozone therapy video about one of it's amazing attributes. The ability to clean blood and bring it back to it's natural form. This is not normal ozone therapy but a medical ozone process known as RHP or EBOO and can only be done by a well trained certified ozonist. The advantages of this therapy are nothing short of mind-boggling.
Views: 61055 The Only Ozonehospital
Colorectal Cancer: 37-year-old Patient
 
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Patient suffered severe pains in stomach and had hard stools with blood for 3 motnhs. The first hospital he went to concluded that there was nothing wrong. The second hospital found a 3.5cm mass at his recto-sigmoid junction. Six months later, there were several multiple peripheral nodules on both lungs.
Views: 656 Chris Teo
multiple colonoscopies and multiple biopsies without a final diagnosis
 
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Male patient 54-year-old presented with constipation and a complaint of anal stenosis. The condition started about 30 years ago with a perianal abscess the patient sought medical advice and surgical treatment of the abscess was done. One year later, the patient presented with anal pain, fever, and bleeding and was diagnosed with piles. Medical treatment, including antibiotics, was given. The patient clinical condition was improved. Three years later, there was a similar attack of fever, anal pain, and bleeding. This time the patient was diagnosed with anal stenosis and anal dilation was done with post dilation bleeding, the patient was admitted to the hospital for blood transfusion.A biopsy was taken from anal canal during dilation and histopathological examination revealed nonspecific inflammation. One year ago, there was constipation, straining during defecation. Computed tomography was done that revealed mild rectal wall thickening. Barium enema with double contrast was normal. Colonoscopy till hepatic flexure revealed hyperemic rectal mucosa with sessile polyp where multiple biopsies were taken for histopathology that revealed inflammatory colonic polyp. Anal dilation was done again without improvement. Biopsies from two anal skin nodules were taken during dilation revealed epidermal cysts. One month ago, spiral CT of the abdomen and pelvis revealed mild dilatation of the colon and the rectum with mural thickening. Another colonoscopy was done that revealed multiple erosions in the colonic mucosa, more on the left side of the colon. Also, there were internal piles. Multiple biopsies were taken from the colonic erosions were taken for histopathology. PR before the colonoscopy revealed that the anal canal is not straight, may be due to surgical procedures around the anal verge. What is your diagnosis
Views: 778 salem yousef
What is GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING? What does GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING mean?
 
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What is GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING? What does GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING mean? GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING definition - GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING meaning - GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ Gastrointestinal bleeding (GI bleed), also known as gastrointestinal hemorrhage, is all forms of bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the rectum. When there is significant blood loss over a short time, symptoms may include vomiting red blood, vomiting black blood, bloody stool, or black stool. Small amounts of bleeding over a long time may cause iron-deficiency anemia resulting in feeling tired or heart-related chest pain. Other symptoms may include abdominal pain, shortness of breath, pale skin, or passing out. Sometimes in those with small amounts of bleeding no symptoms may be present. Bleeding is typically divided into two main types: upper gastrointestinal bleeding and lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Causes of upper GI bleeds include: peptic ulcer disease, esophageal varices due to liver cirrhosis and cancer, among others. Causes of lower GI bleeds include: hemorrhoids, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease among others. Diagnosis typically begins with a medical history and physical examination, along with blood tests. Small amounts of bleeding may be detected by fecal occult blood test. Endoscopy of the lower and upper gastrointestinal track may locate the area of bleeding. Medical imaging may be useful in cases that are not clear. Initial treatment focuses on resuscitation which may include intravenous fluids and blood transfusions. Often blood transfusions are not recommended unless the hemoglobin is less than 70 or 80 g/L. Treatment with proton pump inhibitors, octreotide, and antibiotics may be considered in certain cases. If other measures are not effective, an esophageal balloon may be attempted in those with persumed esophageal varices. Endoscopy of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum or endoscopy of the large bowel are generally recommended within 24 hours and may allow treatment as well as diagnosis. An upper GI bleed is more common than lower GI bleed. An upper GI bleed occurs in 50 to 150 per 100,000 adults per year. A lower GI bleed is estimated to occur in 20 to 30 per 100,000 per year. It results in about 300,000 hospital admissions a year in the United States. Risk of death from a GI bleed is between 5% and 30%. Risk of bleeding is more common in males and increases with age.
Views: 1212 The Audiopedia
Long-Term Plavix User Nearly Bleeds to Death - New York Attorney Dan Burke
 
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http://www.yourlawyer.com/topics/overview/Plavix-lawsuit-class-action Many patients understand the risks they face when taking a prescription drug. Most complications that arise from drugs do not take long to surface. But what happens when someone uses a drug for years but then gets sick? Our client is a good example of how a drug can be defective, even years after usage. After vomiting and passing blood through his rectum, the patient (our client) began to visit emergency rooms. He began experiencing gastro-intestinal bleeding and even had to have blood transfusions to stay healthy. After multiple visits to the hospital, spanning a few months, the doctors finally concurred that the drug Plavix was causing the problem. Because the drug is a blood thinner, if the patient suffers a bleeding event it can be very dangerous. A small fall can turn into a real issue if the blood doesn't want to stop. Bleeds can occur anywhere in the body. You can have gastro-intestinal bleeds, bleeding in the brain, bleeding behind the eye, and other internal bleed events. But using Plavix can also cause heart attacks, ulcers, strokes, bone marrow damage, and death. Studies are beginning to show that not only is Plavix not as helpful as aspirin to prevent heart attacks, but it there is actually a higher rate of death among patients who take Plavix and aspirin together. Watch this video now to learn more. To learn more about prescription drugs, I encourage you to watch the video above and to explore our educational website at http://www.yourlawyer.com/topics/overview/Plavix-lawsuit-class-action. If you have legal questions, I want you to call me at (800) 800-9797. I welcome your call. Dan Burke Parker | Waichman LLP 6 Harbor Park Drive Port Washington, NY 11050 (800) 800-9797 http://yourlawyer.com
Views: 1280 Lawyers Video Studio
Transmission and Prevention of HIV
 
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The modes of transmission of HIV are numerous. This animation describes the common and less common ways in which HIV can be transmitted from one person to another. While HIV is most commonly spread from an infected person through vaginal or anal intercourse, as well as intravenous blood exposure through the sharing of needles, there are practices and measures that you can take to help minimize the risk of becoming infected. HIV is spread only in certain body fluids from a person infected with HIV. These fluids are blood, semen, pre-seminal fluids, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. In the United States, HIV is spread mainly by having sex or sharing injection drug equipment, such as needles, with someone who has HIV. To reduce your risk of HIV infection, use condoms correctly every time you have vaginal, oral, or anal sex. Don’t inject drugs. If you do, use only sterile injection equipment and water and never share your equipment with others. If you don’t have HIV but are at high risk of becoming infected with HIV, talk to your health care provider about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). PrEP involves taking a specific HIV medicine every day to reduce the risk of HIV infection. How is HIV spread? The person-to-person spread of HIV is called HIV transmission. HIV is transmitted (spread) only in certain body fluids from a person infected with HIV: Blood Semen Pre-seminal fluids Rectal fluids Vaginal fluids Breast milk HIV transmission is only possible if these fluids come in contact with a mucous membrane or damaged tissue or are directly injected into the bloodstream (from a needle or syringe). Mucous membranes are found inside the rectum, the vagina, the opening of the penis, and the mouth. In the United States, HIV is spread mainly by: Having anal or vaginal sex with someone who has HIV without using a condom or taking medicines to prevent or treat HIV Sharing injection drug equipment ("works"), such as needles, with someone who has HIV HIV can also spread from an HIV-infected woman to her child during pregnancy, childbirth (also called labor and delivery), or breastfeeding. This spread of HIV is called mother-to-child transmission of HIV. In the past, some people were infected with HIV after receiving a blood transfusion or organ or tissue transplant from an HIV-infected donor. Today, this risk is very low because donated blood, organs, and tissues are carefully tested in the United States. You can’t get HIV from casual contact with a person infected with HIV, for example from a handshake, a hug, or a closed-mouth kiss. And you can’t get HIV from contact with objects such as toilet seats, doorknobs, or dishes used by a person infected with HIV. Use the AIDSinfo You Can Safely Share…With Someone With HIV infographic to spread this message. How can I reduce my risk of getting HIV? Anyone can get HIV, but you can take steps to protect yourself from HIV infection. Get tested and know your partner’s HIV status. Talk to your partner about HIV testing and get tested before you have sex. Use this testing locator from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to find an HIV testing location near you. Have less risky sex. HIV is mainly spread by having anal or vaginal sex without a condom or without taking medicines to prevent or treat HIV. Use condoms. Use a condom correctly every time you have vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Read this fact sheet from CDC on how to use condoms correctly. Limit your number of sexual partners. The more partners you have, the more likely you are to have a partner with HIV whose HIV is not well controlled or to have a partner with a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Both of these factors can increase the risk of HIV transmission. If you have more than one sexual partner, get tested for HIV regularly. Get tested and treated for STDs. Insist that your partners get tested and treated too. Having an STD can increase your risk of becoming infected with HIV or spreading it to others. Talk to your health care provider about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). PrEP is an HIV prevention option for people who don’t have HIV but who are at high risk of becoming infected with HIV. PrEP involves taking a specific HIV medicine every day. For more information, read the AIDSinfo fact sheet on Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP). Don’t inject drugs. But if you do, use only sterile drug injection equipment and water and never share your equipment with others. I am HIV positive but my partner is HIV negative. How can I protect my partner from HIV? Take HIV medicines daily. Treatment with HIV medicines (called antiretroviral therapy or ART) helps people with HIV live longer, healthier lives. ART can’t cure HIV infection, but it can reduce the amount of HIV in the body. Having less HIV in your body will reduce your risk of passing HIV to your partner during sex. You can also talk to your partner about taking PrEP.
Views: 7384 Lets be Healthy
Risks of Colon Cancer Surgery
 
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There are several risks involved in colon cancer surgery, depending on the type of surgery being done. Dr. Mark Gimbel explains what the possible complications can be. LAST WEEK'S VIDEO - Advice for a Newly Diagnosed Colon Cancer Patient http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=axBuK55Xg0w SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE EXPERT INFORMATION AND BREAKING COLON CANCER NEWS http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=coloncancerdr VISIT COLONCANCERANSWERS.com FOR TONS OF INFORMATIVE VIDEOS http://www.coloncanceranswers.com/ SUGGEST THE NEXT TOPIC FOR OUR COLON CANCER EXPERTS! http://www.coloncanceranswers.com/ CONNECT WITH US! Google+: http://bit.ly/169ii4g Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ColonCancerAnswers Twitter: https://twitter.com/ColonCancerQA -- Disclaimer: This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk. If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Views: 3605 Colon Cancer Answers
10 Diseases You Can Get Through KISSING!
 
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10 Diseases You Can Get Through KISSING! Number 10: Gum Disease. The American Dental Hygiene Association (ADHA) reported that 80% of Americans have gum disease. The scary thought is that these statistics are only based on people who have had a dental screening. Can gum disease be transmitted through kissing? According to Dr. Mark A. Reynolds. Chairman of the periodontics department at the University of Maryland Dental School, the answer is yes. Research has found that the bacteria that cause gum disease can be passed from one person to another through saliva. Number 9: Cold Sores. Cold sores, or fever blisters, are caused by a herpes simplex virus or HSV-1. These small, fluid-filled lesions occur in the area around your mouth, most commonly on and around the lips. Cold sores are highly contagious and can spread through skin to skin contact like kissing, or contact with genital secretions. It can also spread by sharing a cup, eating utensils, or lip balm or lipstick with someone who has it. Number 8: Polio. Polio is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus. It invades the nervous system, and can cause total paralysis in a matter of hours. Among those paralysed, 5% to 10% die when their breathing muscles become immobilized. Symptoms include fever, limb pain, fatigue, headache and stiffness in the neck. Polio is spread through contact with stool from an infected person. Although less common, polio transmission occurs through contact with respiratory droplets or saliva. Number 7: Syphilis. Syphilis is a highly contagious disease spread primarily by sexual activity, including oral and anal sex. Occasionally, the disease can be passed to another person through prolonged kissing or close bodily contact. If left untreated, syphilis can cause serious and permanent problems such as dementia, blindness, or death. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, new cases of syphilis have doubled between 2005 and 2013. In 2014, the number of new cases had risen to 19,999. Number 6: Mumps. Mumps is an extremely contagious viral infection of the salivary glands that most commonly affects children. The most obvious symptom is swelling of one or both of the salivary glands on the sides of the face. Complications can include encephalitis, meningitis, painful swelling of the testicles or the ovaries; pancreatitis; and hearing loss. The virus is spread through coughing, sneezing, kissing or sharing drinks, utensils, food or water bottles. Number 5: The Kissing Disease. Infectious mononucleosis, or mono, refers to a group of symptoms usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). It typically occurs in teenagers, but you can get it at any age. The virus is spread through saliva, which is why some people call it “the kissing disease.” The symptoms may include fever, sore throat, swollen lymph glands in the neck and armpits, headache, fatigue, muscle weakness, swollen tonsils, and night sweats. Number 4: Cytomegalovirus. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a disease caused by a type of herpes virus. The infection is spread through blood transfusions, organ transplants, respiratory droplets, saliva, sexual contact, urine, and tears. Symptoms may include These may include enlarged lymph nodes, especially in the neck, fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, malaise, muscle aches, rash, and sore throat. Number 3: Rubella. Rubella, also known as German measles, is a disease caused by the rubella virus. Although considered a mild illness, it can be very serious for pregnant women and their developing babies. Rubella is spread by contact with saliva or mucus from the mouth, nose or throat of an infected person. When an infected person coughs or sneezes, the virus spreads through droplets in the air. Sharing food, drinks or cigarettes, or kissing someone who has the virus can also put you at risk. Number 2: Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is a virus (HBV) that infects the liver and can cause liver inflammation called "hepatitis." The virus is spread by contact with blood, semen, and vaginal secretions. It can spread from the mother to her child during birth. Common causes of transmission include unprotected sexual contact, sharing needles among injection drug users, re-use of contaminated needles and syringes, and sharing of razor blades or toothbrushes. Number 1: Bacterial Meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is a serious illness caused by germs that are usually passed from one person to another through coughing and sneezing, and through kissing, sexual contact, and contact with infected blood. Sharing eating utensils, glasses, food, or towels can also spread the bacteria. Although symptoms may vary, the more common signs and symptoms of meningitis include high fever, stiff neck, severe headaches, vomiting, discomfort of bright lights, drowsiness, and lack of appetite.
Views: 33825 AGATHOS
HIV Transmission and Prevention Lecture for USMLE/NBDE/NCLEX/MDS
 
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HIV Transmission and Prevention Lecture for USMLE/NBDE/NCLEX/MDS Activities That Put You At Risk for HIV Infection Sexual contact that involves semen, pre-cum, vaginal fluids or blood. Direct blood contact, particularly through sharing injection drug needles or 'works' (cotton, cookers, etc). Infections due to blood transfusions, accidents in health care settings or certain blood products. This is possible, although extremely rare, in the United States. Mother to baby (before or during birth, or while breastfeeding through breast milk) Sexual intercourse (vaginal and anal): Unprotected anal and vaginal intercourse are high-risk activities. In the penis, vagina and anus, HIV may enter through cuts and sores (many of which would be very small and hard to notice), or directly through the mucus membranes. Oral sex (mouth-penis, mouth-vagina): Oral sex is considered a low risk practice, but it’s not completely risk-free. The virus can't survive well in the mouth (in semen, vaginal fluid or blood), so the risk of HIV transmission through the throat, gums, and oral membranes is lower than through vaginal or anal membranes. Having an STI, cuts or mouth sores, recent dental work or bleeding gums may increase risk for HIV infection during oral sex. Sharing injection needles or works: Sharing needles or other materials used for injecting is considered a high-risk practice. Injection needles can pass blood directly from one person to another if you share them. If a person with HIV injects with a needle then shares it with another person, the second person is at very high risk for getting HIV. Mother to Child: Mother to child transmission is now rare in the U.S. and other high-income countries because pregnant women who are HIV-positive are normally given medications to prevent the fetus from getting infected. However, it is possible for an HIV-infected mother to transmit HIV before or during birth or through breast milk. Breast milk contains HIV, and while small amounts of breast milk do not pose significant threat of infection to adults, it is a risk for infants.
Views: 9175 Medinaz
What are cancers of the blood ? |Top Health FAQS
 
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The most commonly diagnosed blood cancers are cancer is an umbrella term for that affect the blood, bone marrow and lymphatic system. Someone is diagnosed with a blood cancer. This can lead to anaemia, bleeding problems and blood cancers develop when cells aren't made properly. Leukaemia foundation blood cancer support coordinators alphabetical list of all cancers, with links to disease specific and general information about treatment, coping, screening, prevention, clinical trials, other 12, myelodysplastic syndromes are a group cancers in which immature cells the bone marrow do not mature or become healthy leukemia is. Signs and symptoms of blood cancer & disorders dkmsa to z list types national institute. Leukaemia starts in the bone marrow where developing blood cells, usually white undergo a malignant change. Unfortunately, blood cancer affects a large number of information and support for people affected by cancers, including leukaemia, lymphoma, myeloma there are many different types cancers rarer such as the myelodysplastic syndromes (mds) texas oncology's hematologists provide specialized treatments wide range disorders giving you best possible outcomes happens when something goes wrong with development your cells. Multiple myeloma blood cancer types. The 3 main groups of blood cancer are leukaemia, lymphoma & myeloma. Find out about the causes, diagnosis, possible symptoms and experts at upmc hillman cancer center mario lemieux for blood cancers dedicate themselves to providing exceptional care every step different types of behave in ways, among those that affect white cells lymphomas leukaemias there are subtypes grow hematologic cancers, (cancers blood, bone marrow, lymph nodes) include leukemia, lymphoma, myeloma. Speak to a specialist today!. Blood cancers types & treatment options of blood cancer what are the most common in adults? What is cancer? macmillan support. Topics topic of the month hematologic cancers leukemia, lymphoma. Myelodysplastic syndromes treatment national cancer institute. Every year, more than 100000 cases. Leukemia causes, symptoms, and treatment medical news today. For many patients, a bone marrow transplant is the best chance for survivalevery day, 35 people in australia are diagnosed with leukaemia, lymphoma, myeloma or related blood disorder. Leukemia risk factors, symptoms, types, and treatment healthline. Learn more about how blood transfusions are used for people with cancer here cancers such as multiple myeloma affect the function and production of cells. Myeloma the american society of hematology. Leukemia, a type of cancer found in your blood and bone marrow, is caused by the rapid production abnormal white cells. Get the statistics on survival rates, find out most common symptoms, diagnostic options, and 24, leukemia is cancer of blood or bone marrow (which produces cells). Blood cancer therapy and treatment living with chronic or slow growing cancers of the blood. One important type blood cancer specialists at mu health care give you access to advanced treatment options for all types of leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma. Blood cancers the american society of hematology. Get the facts on leukemia (cancer of bone marrow, blood) symptoms, survival rates, diagnosis, causes, signs, types why you need a complete blood counta count (cbc) is to help diagnose some cancers, such as and lymphoma 29, find out about circulatory system how cancer its treatment affect them in depth information cancers including leukemia, hodgkin disease, myeloma, non hodgkin's treatments 26, white cells (wbcs) fight infections from bacteria, viruses, fungi, other pathogens (organisms that cause infection). Cancer, the blood and circulation cancer health center leukemia, lymphoma, myeloma low white cell count medlineplus medical cancers mu healthblood transfusions for people with american society. 19, someone in the united states is diagnosed with a blood cancer every three minutes. Leukemia symptoms, causes, treatment, types & survival ratecancer. Common types of blood cancer include leukemia that originates in forming tissue. This stops them working properly and they grow out of control every 3 minutes in the u. Non hodgkin lymphoma cancer that develops in the lymphatic system from cells called lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell helps body fight infections discover important information about cancers types cancer, childhood support, and treatment options. Myeloma cells types of blood cancers. The high number of abnormal white blood cells are not able to fight infection, and they impair the ability bone marrow produce red platelets myeloma is cancer plasma. Learn more as the cancerous plasma cells fill bone marrow, you are not able to make enough normal blood. Googleusercontent search. Plasma cells are white blood that produce disease and infection fighting antibodies in your body. Learn more 20, to have a transfusion means get blood or some part of it. Blood cancers the american society
Colonoscopy Screening Questioned by Len Saputo, MD
 
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The Journal of the National Cancer Institute published an article saying that colonoscopy for primary screening might be going too far. I agree! The benefits, harms, and costs have not been determined. Checking the stool for ocult blood and flexible sigmoidoscopy have been shown to be of value but there's no data showing that colonoscopy gives additional protection. Virtual colonoscopy is even more questionable as if there are abnormal findings one still has to do a colonoscopy and there's the issue of radiation damage and later cancer risk. Yet the American College of Gastroenterology and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network continue to recommend colonoscopy as a primary screening tool. Because of the obvious conflict of interest this is not very surprising. The benefits of colonoscopy is that 1 in 200 people will have a major benefit from the procedure. However the same number will have either a perforation of the colon or major bleed that requires transfusions. In addition colonoscopy misses a lot of right sided cancers even though it is recommended that all polyps are removed, even those that are of no danger. Screening for Colon Cancer No one wants to get colon cancer and colonoscopy has been touted to be the best way to find asymptomatic precanceous and cancerous lesions of the colon that could be lifesaving. This makes logical sense, however, the United States Preventive Services Task Force in now questioning this test for healthy people who have no GI symptoms.For more information, visit http://doctorsaputo.com/a/screening-for-colon-cancer
Views: 1267 DoctorSaputo
Alison Eastwood Experiences Ozone Therapy on The Doctors
 
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http://AMAskincare.com Today we have actress and film director Alison Eastwood, daughter of Clint Eastwood, who underwent an alternative treatment called Ozone Therapy to try and turn back the hands of time. I wanted to look into something that would help boost my immune system. I do animal rescue here in southern California. Our non-profit is called Eastwood Ranch Foundation. It’s important for me to do everything I can to stay healthy so I can help more animals. It’s always nice to have great skin and clear eyes especially if you are on camera. What’s happening in your skin is a reflection of what is happening everywhere else in your body. Ozone Therapy at the cellular level invigorates, turns on, energizes the mitocondrial’s ability to process oxygen, to regenerate, repair damage and to bring back optimal health. As we age our body utilize oxygen poorly, so by using ozone you actually infuse more oxygen into every cell of our body. I put an IV in your little vein and we drain the blood into an IV bag as if you were donating blood. Usually 250cc. We use medical grade oxygen to generate the ozone and then infuse that into the IV bag. This is our ozonated blood. Beautiful red, crimson red. You can actually see the change in color from a dark red blood to a bright crimson oxygen rich blood. Now it’s draining back into you. The idea of integrative medicine, which includes ozone therapy, is to work with the physiology to encourage the physiology to do what it was designed to do. We asked Alison Eastwood, Asher Milgrom and Dr. Pien to join us here today to discuss the benefits of ozone therapy. Alison, I want to ask you first of all how are you feeling? I feel great. I just felt very revitalized and rejuvenated. So when we heard about ozone and ozone therapy we tried to look at the literature and see what there is and maybe Dr. Milgrom and Dr. Pien you can speak to this. What I was able to find was studies in animals and I was also able to find some studies with respect to heart disease and wound healing but I actually couldn’t find a lot that supported this anti-aging application of the use of ozone. Specifically this infusion of ozone into the blood as opposed to applying it topically or through an injection. So I was curious what data there is as to the safety about this, the effectiveness and the benefits. There is actually quite a bit on the effectiveness, benefits and safety of ozone. Most of it written in European languages because that is where the research has been going on. In the United States, ozone therapy is relatively new and in fact recently ozone was not even allowed in CA. Dr. Pien and I went to Mexico and also to Europe to learn about it in preparation for it being allowed here. I think it would be helpful to explain what ozone is. For most people they think it’s that layer there in the air. We had to study chemistry so we know that ozone is O3. It’s just a different molecule of oxygen. Yes, instead of 2 oxygen molecules together your have 3 oxygen molecules together. We can actually generate ozone in our offices with medical grade oxygen and a special ozone generator which is a very precise device that generates ozone in very specific concentrations for medical use. Within the parameters of using the correct dose and the correct administration, because there are different ways of getting it into a body, ozone injections and IVs and other ways as well it’s incredibly effective using it. Back to you Alison Eastwood. Do you want to continue doing these ozone treatments? Would you do it again? Yes. I am going to try it and do a series for sure. I wanted to try something that would benefit my immune system and I definitely want to do it for that. The anti-aging and the skin and all that’s just icing on the cake. I did it to help the cake. AMA Skincare & Regenerative Medicine Irvine / Newport Beach 949-428-4500 2302 Martin St. Suite 400 Irvine, CA 92612 Beverly Hills / Los Angeles 310-460-2444 6310 San Vicente Blvd. Suite 285 Los Angeles, CA 90048 LEARN MORE ABOUT OZONE THERAPY http://www.amaskincare.com/services/ozone-therapy/ SCHEDULE A FREE OZONE TREATMENT CONSULTATION WITH OUR DOCTORS http://www.amaskincare.com/free-consultation-youtube/
ISCHAEMIC COLITIS: TWO CASES
 
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CASE 1 A 56 year old male had a long history of poorly controlled hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus leading to retinopathy and chronic renal failure. He also had a past history of paroxysmal AF and multiple PEs and was treated initially with Warfarin for many years, swapping over to Rivaroxaban about a year ago. 18 years ago he sustained an aortic root dissection causing acute renal failure and required a renal transplant. Since then, he has been treated with anti-rejection drugs in the form of Prednisolone, Tacrolimus and (periodically) Mycophenolate Mofetil. 2 years ago he developed chest pain. A CT scan showed type B aortic dissection requiring urgent treatment with a complex EVAR (Endovascular Aortic Repair). 6 months ago he developed an Endoleak which was treated with embolisation. 9 days ago, he was admitted with an acute myocardial infarction complicated by an in-hospital VF arrest. He was successfully resuscitated with a DC shock. A subsequent coronary angiogram showed occlusion of the first diagonal artery which was treated medically (no PCI). Now: - Fresh PR bleeding + clots/ melaena few days after coronary angiography - Hb 8.8 g/dl, 2 units blood transfused - OGD - normal - CT angio: bleeding from caecum ?angiodysplasia See video for colonoscopy... CASE 2 A 26 year old athletic male presented with a one day history of sudden abdominal pain during football practice followed by fresh rectal bleeding and loose bowels. He was previously a regular cocaine user but now was a "light, occasional” user. In addition, he was a regular cannabis smoker. There was no family history of IBD. Initial investigations: - Hb 14.5, WBC 20, CRP 2, Albumin 36 - Stool culture: -ve - AXR: nil significant - Flex sigmoidoscopy #1 (1 day after presentation): limited views, normal rectum/ sigmoid - CT scan: oedema of distal descending colon - Flexible sigmoidoscopy #2 (5 days after presentation) … see video. Ischaemic colitis is the most common type of intestinal ischaemia. The term "ischaemic colitis" was used by Marston (1966) with three typical patterns of injury described: transient reversible ischaemia, ischaemic ulcers with stricturing, and gangrenous ischaemic colitis. Dominant presenting symptoms were colicky abdominal pain, vomiting, bloody diarrhoea, and haematochezia. Patients often have minimal signs on clinical examination. The circulation to the large intestine and rectum is derived from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), inferior mesenteric artery (IMA), and internal iliac arteries. An extensive collateral circulation protects the intestines from transient periods of inadequate perfusion. However, the "watershed" areas of the colon, which have limited collateral blood flow, such as the splenic flexure (Griffith’s point), rectosigmoid junction (Sudeck’s critical point) and right colon, are at risk for ischaemia particularly related to hypoperfusion. Colonic ischaemia is usually the result of a sudden, but usually transient, reduction in blood flow, the effects of which are particularly prominent at the “watershed” regions of the colon. Prolonged severe ischemia causes necrosis of the villous layer, which can lead to transmural infarction within 8 to 16 hours. Perfusion to the colon can be compromised by changes in the systemic circulation or by anatomic or functional changes in the local mesenteric vasculature. Risk factors include aorto-iliac instrumentation/surgery, cardiopulmonary bypass, myocardial infarction, haemodialysis, acquired or hereditary thrombophilia, certain drugs (e.g. cocaine, metamphetamine, pseudo-ephedrine, NSAIDs etc) and extreme exercise. Clinically, ischaemic colitis is classified as non-gangrenous or gangrenous. Non-gangrenous ischaemic colitis involves the mucosa and submucosa and accounts for 80-85% of cases and is further sub-classified into (1) transient, reversible ischaemic colitis with a less severe form of injury and (2) chronic, non-reversible ischaemic colitis, which includes chronic colitis and stricture and has a more severe form of injury. Gangrenous ischaemic colitis accounts for the remaining 15-20% of cases and manifests as the most severe form of injury. For most patients, management is supportive and non-interventional, and the prognosis for recurrence and survival are excellent. Some with severe disease require surgical intervention.
Views: 72 monzahmed
5 Signs and Symptoms You May Have a Leukemia
 
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5 signs and symptoms of Leukemia. Leukemia is cancer of the blood cells. Blood cells and platelets are produced in the bone marrow. In leukemia, some new white blood cells (WBCs) fail to mature properly. These immature cells continue to reproduce at a rapid rate, crowding out healthy cells and producing a host of symptoms. Leukemia is the most common type of childhood cancer, affecting about 4000 children a year in the United States. People often ignore the warning signs of Leukemia, until the problem becomes severe. It is important to be aware of these signs as addressing the problem early can save you from future complications. If you have multiple signs and symptoms of this health problem, ask your doctor to check your health levels. Here are some warning signs that you may have a Leukemia. Please note: The content provided below and elsewhere on this video is not intended nor should it be construed as providing professional medical or nutritional advice. Do not rely on information provided on this video for your health problems. instead, consult a qualified medical professional for advice. 01:02 Abnormal Bruising. 02:05 Fever and Chills. 03:09 Night Sweats. 04:07 Petechiae 05:06 Abdominal Discomfort. Well, If you experience any of the following 5 Common Signs you may have a Leukemia that I mentioned above, you should not ignore it. It’s important to tell your health care provider to have them checked by your doctor. So that the cause can be found and treated, if needed. Being proactive can lead to earlier treatment and a better outlook. Thank you for watching "5 Common Signs you may have a Leukemia." Early Detection Could Save Your Life Longer. Pain is your body signaling to you that something is wrong. Be Smart about Your Symptoms, Know When It’s Time to See a Doctor. Each of the symptoms listed here could, at first, result in an incorrect diagnosis.The more information you are able to provide, the sooner your doctor will know the best course of action. Symptoms are the body’s way of communicating with us and with others. Listen to this communication. No matter what their cause, it is always important. SUBSCRIBE for more videos here : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCl2s_ywqhXm_YmJ1lVPDPtw?sub_confirmation=1 Contact : email : anisawe14@gmail.com Find Us On : Google Plus : https://plus.google.com/u/0/109115292982259471607 Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/Symptoms-Of-Disease-602529183258705/ Twitter : https://twitter.com/anisawe4?lang=en Blog : http://symptoms2017.blogspot.co.id/ ====================================================== Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. ====================================================== [DISCLAIMER] I do not own the video, music, artwork or the lyrics. All rights reserved to their respective owners!!! This video is not meant to infringe any of the copyrights. This is for people's educations only. Thank you!
Views: 408836 Signs And Symptoms
How Birth Control Pills Work, Animation
 
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Mechanism of action of the Pill. This video and other related images/videos (in HD) are available for instant download licensing here : https://www.alilamedicalmedia.com/-/galleries/images-videos-by-medical-specialties/gynecology-obstetrics ©Alila Medical Media. All rights reserved. Voice by: Ashley Fleming All images/videos by Alila Medical Media are for information purposes ONLY and are NOT intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Contribute to our videos and get FREE downloads and other GREAT REWARDS: patreon.com/AlilaMedicalMedia Birth control pills are medication used to prevent pregnancy. They contain hormones that suppress ovulation. The most effective type is the combination pill which contains both estrogen and progestin - a synthetic form of progesterone. These 2 hormones interfere with the normal menstrual cycle to prevent ovulation. The menstrual cycle refers to the monthly events that occur within a woman’s body in preparation for the possibility of pregnancy. Each month, an egg is released from an ovary in a process called ovulation. At the same time, the lining of the uterus thickens, ready for pregnancy. If fertilization does not take place, the lining of the uterus is shed in menstrual bleeding and the cycle starts over. The menstrual cycle is under control of multiple hormones secreted by the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and ovaries. Basically, the hypothalamus produces gonadotropin-releasing hormone, GnRH; the pituitary secretes follicle-stimulating hormone, FSH, and luteinizing hormone, LH; while the ovaries produce estrogen and progesterone. These hormones are involved in a REGULATORY network that results in monthly cyclic changes responsible for ovulation and preparation for pregnancy. The 2 hormones that are required for ovulation are: FSH, which starts the cycle by stimulating immature follicles to grow and produce a mature egg; and LH, which is responsible for the release of the egg from the ovary - the ovulation event itself. Two other hormones, estrogen and progesterone, are at high levels after ovulation, in the second half of the cycle. They suppress FSH and LH during this time, preventing the ovaries from releasing more eggs. If fertilization occurs, estrogen and progesterone levels REMAIN HIGH throughout pregnancy, providing a continuous suppression of ovulation. On the other hand, in the absence of pregnancy, their levels FALL, causing menstrual bleeding. The levels of estrogen and progesterone in the combination pills mimic the hormonal state after ovulation, tricking the ovaries into thinking that ovulation has already occurred; FSH and LH are constantly suppressed, no egg is matured or released. The pills are taken every day for three weeks, followed by one week of placebo pills containing no hormones. During the week of placebos, estrogen and progesterone levels fall, triggering a so-called withdrawal bleeding, or fake periods. The bleeding serves as a convenient indication that fertilization did not happen, but it is not required for birth control. In fact, there exist continuous-use contraceptive pills with less or no placebos, resulting in less or no menstrual periods. These pills are particularly beneficial for women who suffer from menstrual disorders such as excessive menstrual bleeding, painful menstruation and endometriosis. For lactating women, or those who cannot tolerate estrogen, there are mini-pills that contain only progestin. These are not as effective as combination pills at preventing ovulation. Their effect relies more on the ability of progestin to promote secretion of a thick cervical mucus to obstruct sperm entry.
Views: 9875 Alila Medical Media
A/Prof Bernd Froessler discusses the importance of anaemia management in the perioperative period
 
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In this seminar, which was held on March 30 2017 in Adelaide, Associate Professor Bernd Froessler (anaesthetist at the Lyell McEwin Hospital and an Associate Professor at the University of Adelaide) outlines the importance of managing iron deficiency and anaemia in the perioperative setting. Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia are common conditions affecting a quarter of the world’s population. In patients presenting for non-cardiac surgery, iron deficiency with or without anaemia is found in up to 39% of patients. In certain subgroups of patients with conditions like colo-rectal cancer or heavy menstrual bleeding, the occurrence of preoperative anaemia has been found to be even higher. Anaemia, red blood cell transfusion and perioperative significant blood loss have all been established as adversely impacting clinical outcomes. Comprehensive patient blood management programs offering effective approaches for minimising perioperative blood loss and optimised patient care have been designed. Preoperative optimisation of anaemia appears to be a key aspect of patient blood management.
Ulcerative Colitis
 
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Endoscopic Animation on ulcerative colitis Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the colon (large intestine), that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores. The main symptom of active disease is usually constant diarrhea mixed with blood, of gradual onset. IBD is often confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a troublesome, but much less serious, condition. Ulcerative colitis has similarities to Crohn's disease, another form of IBD. Ulcerative colitis is an intermittent disease, with periods of exacerbated symptoms, and periods that are relatively symptom-free. Although the symptoms of ulcerative colitis can sometimes diminish on their own, the disease usually requires treatment to go into remission. The clinical presentation of ulcerative colitis depends on the extent of the disease process. Patients usually present with diarrhea mixed with blood and mucus, of gradual onset that persists for an extended period (weeks). They may also have weight loss and blood on rectal examination. The chronic loss of blood from the GI tract leads to increased rates of anaemia. The disease may be accompanied with different degrees of abdominal pain, from mild discomfort to painful bowel movements or painful abdominal cramping with bowel movements. Ulcerative colitis is associated with a general inflammatory process that affects many parts of the body. Sometimes these associated extra-intestinal symptoms are the initial signs of the disease, such as painful, arthritic knees in a teenager and may be seen in adults also. The presence of the disease may not be confirmed immediately, however, until the onset of intestinal manifestations. Severity of disease Colonic pseudopolyps of a patient with intractable ulcerative colitis. Colectomy specimen. In addition to the extent of involvement, people may also be characterized by the severity of their disease. Mild disease correlates with fewer than four stools daily, with or without blood, no systemic signs of toxicity, and a normal erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). There may be mild abdominal pain or cramping. Patients may believe they are constipated when in fact they are experiencing tenesmus, which is a constant feeling of the need to empty the bowel accompanied by involuntary straining efforts, pain, and cramping with little or no fecal output. Rectal pain is uncommon. Moderate disease correlates with more than four stools daily, but with minimal signs of toxicity. Patients may display anemia (not requiring transfusions), moderate abdominal pain, and low grade fever, 38 to 39 °C (100 to 102 °F). Severe disease, correlates with more than six bloody stools a day or observable massive and significant bloody bowel movement, and evidence of toxicity as demonstrated by fever, tachycardia, anemia or an elevated ESR. Fulminant disease correlates with more than ten bowel movements daily, continuous bleeding, toxicity, abdominal tenderness and distension, blood transfusion requirement and colonic dilation (expansion). Patients in this category may have inflammation extending beyond just the mucosal layer, causing impaired colonic motility and leading to toxic megacolon. If the serous membrane is involved, colonic perforation may ensue. Unless treated, fulminant disease will soon lead to death. he best test for diagnosis of ulcerative colitis remains endoscopy. Full colonoscopy to the cecum and entry into the terminal ileum is attempted only if diagnosis of UC is unclear. Otherwise, a flexible sigmoidoscopy is sufficient to support the diagnosis. The physician may elect to limit the extent of the exam if severe colitis is encountered to minimize the risk of perforation of the colon. Endoscopic findings in ulcerative colitis include the following: Loss of the vascular appearance of the colon Erythema (or redness of the mucosa) and friability of the mucosa Superficial ulceration, which may be confluent, and Pseudopolyps. Ulcerative colitis is usually continuous from the rectum, with the rectum almost universally being involved. There is rarely peri-anal disease, but cases have been reported. The degree of involvement endoscopically ranges from proctitis or inflammation of the rectum, to left sided colitis, to pancolitis, which is inflammation involving the ascending colon.
Views: 1890 ElSalvadorAtlasEndo
OHG Cancer Info Low Plat-let Bleeding 2
 
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Steve White on Low Plat-let count and part 2 on bleeding. (Part of the Chemo series)
Views: 26 OurHomeGame
Hemochromatosis - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
 
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What is hemochromatosis? Hemochromatosis is a genetic disorder where the body isn’t able to regulate its iron absorption. Iron levels in the body build up over time and damage the liver as well as other organs, through the generation of free radicals. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Views: 104182 Osmosis
Non-Surgical treatment of Enlarged Prostate
 
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Treatment Options for Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) There are many treatment options exist. Many men experience no signs or symptoms with enlarged prostate. Non-surgical: - A. Prostatic artery embolization(PAE) Now a new procedure has been developed that is comparable to TURP in recovery the symptoms with no side effect. It is called Prostatic Artery Embolization or PAE. The patients were admitted to the hospital on the day of the procedure after all basic investigation. During embolization, pain medication, anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotic were given. Embolization was performed under local anesthesia by unilateral approach, usually the right femoral artery. Initially, pelvic angiography was performed to evaluate the prostatic arteries. Then, a 4 or 5-F angiography catheter was introduced reach in prostatic artery and a 3-F coaxial microcatheter advance in the ostium of the prostatic artery. For embolization, nonspherical PVA particles were used. The endpoint chosen for embolization was slow flow or near-stasis in the prostatic vessels with interruption of the arterial flow and prostatic gland opacification. When embolization of the both prostatic arteries was finished, the catheter was removed. After 4- 6 hrs patients can start walking around in room without a urinary catheter. Same day he can resume the normal activities. Advantages of Prostatic Artery Embolization ( PAE) • PAE can be performed on any size enlarged prostate. • It does not produce the side effects/complication that TURP does. • Whole procedure done through a small nick around the skin in the groin region. • Most men experience no pain to light pain and leave the hospital in a day after intervention. • No sexual dysfunction following prostatic artery embolization. • Quarter of patient report that sexual function improved after the procedure. • PAE procedure need no general anesthesia it need just mild to sedation, • No blood loss or risk of blood transfusion. • No surgical ugly scars and makes for faster recovery. • It is cheaper than surgery. • Overall success rate is about more than 98% Surgical: - A. transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) B. Laser surgery TURP has been a common procedure for enlarged prostate for many years, and it is the surgery with which other treatments are compared. With TURP, a surgeon places a special lighted scope (resectoscope) into your urethra and uses small cutting tools to remove all but the outer part of the prostate (prostate resection). TURP generally relieves symptoms quickly, and most men have a stronger urine flow soon after the procedure. Following TURP, there is risk of bleeding and infection, and you may temporarily require a catheter to drain your bladder after the procedure. You'll be able to do only light activity until you're healed. Laser surgeries (also called laser therapies) use high-energy lasers to destroy or remove overgrown prostate tissue. Laser surgeries generally relieve symptoms right away and have a lower risk of side effects than does TURP. Some laser surgeries can be used in men who shouldn't have other prostate procedures because they take blood-thinning medications. Any type of prostate surgery can cause side effects, such as semen flowing backward into the bladder instead of out through the penis during ejaculation (retrograde ejaculation), loss of bladder control (incontinence) and impotence (erectile dysfunction). Best solution - Non surgical treatment – Prostatic artery embolization : - is a procedure where an interventional radiologist uses a catheter to deliver small particles that block the blood supply to the enlarged prostate. The procedure is not a surgical intervention and allows the all function of prostate to be kept in place. After embolization the shrinkage of enlarged prostate in 2-3 weeks time. Why it is best option Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (Enlarged prostate) 1. PAE can be performed on any size enlarged prostate. 2. It does not produce the side effects/complication that TURP does. 3. Whole procedure done through a small nick around the skin in the groin region. 4. Most men experience no pain to light pain and leave the hospital in a day after intervention. 5. No sexual dysfunction following prostatic artery embolization. 6. Quarter of patient report that sexual function improved after the procedure. 7. PAE procedure need no general anesthesia it need just mild to sedation, 8. No blood loss or risk of blood transfusion. 9. No surgical ugly scars and makes for faster recovery. 10. It is cheaper than surgery. 11. Overall success rate is about more than 98%. For more in-depth information contact: Dr. Pradeep Muley M.D. Senior Consultant Interventional Radiologist, New Delhi, INDIA Mobile or whatapp 91-98104 92778 or E-mail - muleypradeep@hotmail.com http://enlargedprostate.in/
Views: 12529 Dr.Pradeep Muley
Ary news Blood cancer
 
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Views: 770 Updates OnAir
Burton's Queen's Hospital's risk assessment tool for blood clots
 
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Each year more than 25,000 people in England die from blood clots or venous thromboembolism (VTE) contracted in hospital. This is more than the combined total of deaths from breast cancer, AIDS and traffic accidents, and more than 25 times the amount of people who die from MRSA. At Queen's Hospital in Burton on Trent a team led by consultant Haematologist Dr Hume Ahmad, have developed a risk assessment tool to help staff identify people at risk of developing clots. Dr Ahmad says, 'We now have wonderful drugs that would prevent blood clots. What we need is to be able to identify those patients that are at risk of developing blood clots when they come to hospital.' The system works by asking 2 simple questions; is the patient at risk of a clot developing? If the answer is 'Yes' then the second question asks you; is it safe to prescribe clot preventing medicines? These questions are added to the assessment programme used by nurses when admitting patients. It's key is that it is built into the operational process, medical staff have to go through the process to proceed through the system. Ward sister Cheryl Chamberlain says, 'Every patient who is admitted, needs to have this assessment, it's very easy to use and it has been proved to reduce the incidence of patients developing Thromboembolism.'
Views: 1943 NHSlocal
intussusception & rectal prolapse LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE DINDIGUL
 
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A SEQUELAE TO IMPROPER DEWORMING INTUSSUSCEPTION AND RECTAL PROLAPSE ON A 35 DAY OLD GSD PUPPY DONE UNDER ISOFLURANE INHALENT (GAS) ANAETHESIA @ LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE - DINDIGUL SURGICAL CORRECTION BY 1. ENTERCTOMY ( is a surgical procedure used to remove a portion of the intestine) 2. INTESTINAL ANAESTOMOSIS ( is a surgical procedure to establish communication between portions of the intestine) 3. COLOPEXY (is a surgical procedure in which the colon is attached to the abdominal wall and secured) 4. ENTROPLICATION (adjacent loops of intestine are sutured to each other to prevent recurrence) Intussusception is the telescoping or invagination of one intestinal segment into the lumen of an adjacent segment. Rectal prolapse is a protrusion or eversion of the rectal mucosa from the anus This poor pooch was presented very late with severe anemia & low haemoglobin. This pup underwent complicated surgery with very safe gas anaesthetic protocol & blood transfusion. But this poor pooch succumbed to this ailment & poor condition. Intussusception Intussusception is the sliding or telescoping of the intestine within itself. It occurs primarily in the small intestine but may occasionally occur in the large intestine. When the intestine slides within itself the blood supply to that section is greatly reduced and the tissue begins to swell and then die. The entire process can occur rapidly, which makes early detection and treatment essential. Which animals are more prone to intussusceptions? Puppies and kittens are the most likely ones to develop intussusception although it can occur in any age or species. There does not appear to be a specific breed predilection. What causes intussusceptions? There are several conditions that predispose a dog to developing an intussusception. Many of these conditions affect the motility of the intestine. Intussusception is seen more commonly in puppies carrying large numbers of intestinal parasites such as roundworms, hookworms, or whipworms. Viral (e.g., parvovirus in puppies) or bacterial gastroenteritis is another common cause. Pieces of plastic, bone or wood in the intestine of a dog can lead to the development of intussusception. Tumors or recent abdominal surgery may also contribute to the development of this condition. What are the symptoms of intussusception? When the small intestine telescopes into itself, movement of intestinal contents is partially or completely blocked, therefore, the dog or cat commonly vomits. Once the gastrointestinal tract behind the intussusception empties, stools are scant to none. Any fecal material that is passed is jelly-like, may be bloody, and not well formed. The appetite will be greatly depressed. The animal experiences severe abdominal pain, and eventually shock and then death. How is intussusception diagnosed? Diagnosis is usually tentatively made based on the symptoms and the palpation of a firm sausage-shaped mass in the abdomen. Diagnosis is confirmed with x-rays (usually using barium) and possibly exploratory surgery. What are the risks associated with an intussusception? An intussusception is serious; left untreated, it will result in death. As the intestines telescope into one another, pressure restricts blood flow to the area. Portions of the intestines therefore may actually die, and toxins and bacteria may be released into the rest of the body. What is the treatment of intussusception? Treatment consists of either surgically 'sliding' the telescoping portion of the intestine apart, or complete surgical removal of the intussusception. The size of the intussusception, amount of damage to the tissues, and the length of time the animal has had the condition will dictate which procedure is used. Post surgically the animal will have to go through a normal recovery period. If the intussusception is caught soon enough and the animal undergoes a successful surgery, most will recover completely. One recent study suggested that up to 25% of dogs that develop an intussusception would have a reoccurrence in the future. There is a surgical procedure called 'enteroplication' in which the loops of intestine are attached to one another and thus reduces the incidence of reoccurrence in some pets. What can be done to prevent an intussusception? If the owner follows good deworming and vaccinating programs as well as preventing access to foreign bodies, the incidence of intussusception can be reduced. Early recognition and treatment of other intestinal diseases can also help minimize the chance of an intussusception. Finally, if the owner recognizes the symptoms of an intussusception early, and the animal receives prompt veterinary care, most animals can be successfully treated.
The plant that makes cancer cells disintegrate within 48 hours
 
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The plant that influences growth cells to break down inside 48 hours. They won't not be welcome in your yard, but rather things being what they are dandelions have huge potential with regards to helping individuals who are experiencing disease. Chemo-safe melanoma is currently the most widely recognized kind of disease influencing Americans matured 25 to 29. The main choice specialists can by and by offer these patients is surgery to expel the tumor and its environment, trailed by immunotherapy, which does not for the most part work when the melanoma has metastasized. Notwithstanding, every one of that looks set to change, because of a modest plant that many individuals haul out of their patio nurseries and discard. At the University of Windsor in Ontario, the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry has demonstrated that dandelion root concentrate can make human melanoma cells basically slaughter themselves without prompting any kind of harmfulness. Truth be told, their underlying examination saw growth cells deteriorating inside 48 hours, while sound cells stayed unaffected. The investigation was driven by Professor Siyaram Pandey, PhD. Concentrated dandelion root tea being utilized as a part of clinical trials:. These promising outcomes provoked the non-benefit association Mitacs to connect with AOR Inc., a Calgary organization that produces characteristic wellbeing items, so as to build up a dandelion tea powder that is essentially more grounded than that found in wellbeing sustenance stores. They achieve this by processing dandelion root, making a concentrate from it, and after that stop drying it into a powder that patients break up into boiling water and after that drink. AOR is creating 6,000 measurements of this tea for a clinical trial that will happen at the Windsor Regional Cancer Center, and will include 30 patients with different sorts of disease, including leukemia, who have not had accomplishment with customary treatment. An announcement on the site of the Dandelion Root Project at the University of Windsor says:. Since the beginning of this undertaking, we have possessed the capacity to effectively survey the impact of a straightforward water concentrate of dandelion root in different human disease cell writes, in the lab and we have watched its adequacy against human T cell leukemia, constant myelomonocytic leukemia, pancreatic and colon tumors, with no harmfulness to non-malignancy cells. Besides, these adequacy thinks about have been affirmed in creature models (mice) that have been transplanted with human colon growth cells. Specialist and medicinal oncologist Dr. Caroline Hamm said that some of her patients have noted changes subsequent to drinking dandelion root tea from wellbeing sustenance stores. The concentrated tea could end up being much more powerful, possibly sparing endless lives. Dandelion could help battle various malignancies:. A recent report distributed in the International Journal of Oncology demonstrated that dandelion tea decreased bosom and prostate disease cells. A consequent report in a similar diary demonstrated that a dietary supplement that contained dandelion stifled the development of prostate malignancy cells. Dandelion separates have likewise exhibited their adequacy in treating bosom tumor and leukemia in conventional Chinese solution and additionally in Native American medication. Dandelion has a lot of different advantages, as well:. The advantages of dandelions don't end there. The root can likewise animate the emission of bile, soothe hypersensitivities, lessen cholesterol and scrub the liver. What's more, it contains high measures of Vitamin An and Vitamin K. This is only one of numerous characteristic cures that is demonstrating incredible guarantee in treating conditions that traditional prescription has neglected to prevail. Incalculable more regular cures are likely developing in our planet's woodlands, seas and even forsakes, simply holding up to be found. All Photos Licensed Under CC Source : www.pexels.com www.pixabay.com www.commons.wikimedia.org
Views: 2155 Everyday Health Tips
World Blood Donor Day 2018: Five health benefits of donating blood
 
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The phrase ‘every drop counts’ applies not just to water, but to another aspect of human life as well – blood donation. World Blood Donor Day (WBDD) is one of eight official global public health campaigns marked by the World Health Organization (WHO). It is aimed at raising awareness of the need for regular blood donations to ensure the quality, safety and availability of blood and blood products for patients in need. Every 14 June since 2004, countries around the world celebrate this event on the birth anniversary of Karl Landsteiner – the Austrian-American pathologist and immunologist who distinguished the main blood groups. Here are five surprising health benefits of donating blood Improves Heart Health Blood donation helps maintain the iron levels and reduces the risk of various health ailments. Donating blood improves your overall cardiovascular health. Intake of iron-rich diet may increase the iron levels in the body and excess iron gets stored in heart, liver and pancreas and increases the risk of heart abnormalities like irregular heart rhythms. Reduces Cancer Risk High levels of iron in the body are linked to an increased risk of cancer. Thus, by donating blood, you can maintain healthy iron levels, thereby lowering your risk of developing cancer. Consistent blood donation is associated with lowered risk of cancers, including liver, lung, colon, stomach and throat cancers. Weight Loss If you are trying hard to lose weight, donating blood can help you burn some calories. Donating 450 ml of blood burns 650 calories in donor’s body. This is helpful for those who are obese and are at a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases and other health disorders. Although, consult your doctor to avoid any health issues. Enhances Production of New Blood Cells Immediately after blood donation, the donor’s body begins to replace the ‘donated’ blood. New cells are produced by the bone marrow within 48 hours of donation and all the red blood cells are completely replaced within one to two months. This process of replenishment can help your body stay healthy and work more efficiently. Read More: World Blood Donor Day: Myths and facts about blood donation Prevents Hemochromatosis Hemochromatosis is an iron disorder in which the body simply loads too much iron. This action is genetic and the excess iron, if left untreated, can damage joints, organs, and eventually be fatal. Regular blood donation may help avoid iron overload, hence it can be beneficial for people with hemochromatosis. However, it’s imperative to ensure that the donor with hemochromatosis meets the standard blood donation eligibility criteria. If you are in Lagos, you can join other donors to donate blood at The Elevation Church on Saturday. It is organised by Life Bank and Avon Health. Donate blood, sav वर्ल्ड ब्लड डोनर डे दिवस जहा विश्व भर में मनाया जाता है इसी कड़ी के तहत जिला कपूरथला सरकारी हॉस्पिटल में खून दान कैंप का आयोजन किया इस मौके डिप्टी कमीश्नर कपूरथला महोमद तैयब तथा सिविल सर्जन बलवंत सिंह ने शिकत कर अलग -अलग - ब्लड डोनर संस्थाओ के नौजवानो को प्रमाण पत्र देकर उनका हौसला अफजाई की इस कैंप में 30 से आधिक ब्लड यूनिट एकठा किया गया इस मौके ब्लड डोनर संस्था के आगू और यूथ ब्लड डोनर तथा कैंप के प्रबंधक डॉक्टर ने मीडिया से खून कैंप के उदेश्य और इस की महत्वता की जानकारी देते आम और खास जनता लोक हिक को ध्यान में रखकर खून दान करने की अपील की ------
Views: 15 punjab 9 punjab 9
We Should All Know These 10 Things About Our Blood Type!
 
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We Should All Know These 10 Things About Our Blood Type! Please SUBSCRIBE : http://bit.ly/2e9Su11 All people belong to some of the blood types, A, B, AB, or O, which is determined from birth. Experts claim that every blood type has its own properties, shared by its members. This is a review of the most important characteristics of blood types: Blood type and offspring. About 85% of people are Rh positive. Yet, if the woman is Rh negative and the man who she conceives with is Rh positive, there is an increased risk that their child will develop some health issue. Blood type and illnesses. Depending on the health issue or condition, every single blood type can be less or more susceptible to it so you should find out your own risks and try to reduce them. Blood type and nutrition. You should know your blood type in order to know the foods which are beneficial for your health, and which ones to avoid. Therefore, blood type A individuals should focus on eating more vegetables. For the people with blood type O is recommended consume more proteins in the form of fish and meat, and the ones with AB blood type should focus on lean meat and seafood. Finally, those ones who belong to the type B should consume more red meat. Blood antigens. Blood antigens can be present in the blood, digestive tract, lungs, and nostrils, in the mouth and the colon. Blood type and stress. Individuals with blood type O need more time to relax after a stressful situation than others. Blood type and weight problems. The blood type can also determine if one will have a belly fat or not, as blood type, 0 people are more susceptible to it, and with blood type A do not suffer from such issues in general. Blood type and pregnancy. The women who belong to the blood type AB conceive much easier than others, as they have a reduced production of follicle- stimulating hormone. Blood type and emergencies. In case you ever need a blood transfusion, you should have in mind that people with O RH negative are universal donors and people with blood type AB are universal recipients so you need to know this to save the valuable time in emergency cases. =================================== rarest blood type ,blood types ,ab blood type ,universal donor blood type ,blood type diet ,rh blood type ,blood group types ,rh negative blood type ,blood type o diet ,most common blood type ,o blood type ,o negative blood type ,a positive blood type ,o positive blood type ,blood type personality ,blood type test ,blood type chart ,blood type punnett square ,blood types parents ,blood typing game ,blood type genetics ,types of blood cells ,ab blood type diet https://youtu.be/EC9QCICjVlA Please SUBSCRIBE : http://bit.ly/2e9Su11
Views: 1431 Health News
Robotic surgery is no better than traditional surgery, bladder cancer study finds
 
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Robotic surgery is no better than traditional surgery, bladder cancer study finds robots, robotic surgery, bladder cancer, da vinci robot, intuitive robot https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCd4_4MPV20qVj80Rm_cQHOw?sub_confirmation=1 A robotic system being used in surgery at University of Miami (Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center) Robotic-assisted procedures have now become ubiquitous in some kinds of surgeries. What once was seen as a technological marvel is commonplace in many hospitals. But studies in recent years have shown robotic surgery performs no better than traditional surgery — even though it comes at a steeper cost to the overall health-care system. The latest comparison study was published in the medical journal Lancet on Thursday and shows there were no major differences in outcomes or complication rates in operations for bladder cancer. On the plus side, robotic surgery — because it generally requires smaller incisions — resulted in less blood loss, less need for blood transfusion and slightly shorter hospital stays. The study showed robotic surgery did not cause more complications or higher cancer recurrences — a concern that has been raised by critics in the past. On the minus side, robotic surgery required a lengthier time on the operating table, the study found. And the robotic system used in almost all hospitals costs roughly $2 million to acquire and is expensive to run. Dipen J. Parekh, lead author on the study, said the findings point to the need for rigorous study of surgical innovations like robotic surgery before they receive widespread adoption. "Just because something is new doesn’t necessarily mean it’s better," Parekh said. At a time when health-care costs are soaring, he said, it does not always make sense to have hospitals buy and use an expensive system when its effectiveness in many types of operations has not undergone thorough vetting. "We need to be making evidence-based decisions instead of marketing-based decisions, and to do that, you need data like what we produced in this study." In robotic surgeries, the machine allows surgeons to control robotic arms from a console and magnifies the surgical site on a large screen. For some procedures, the machine's narrow arms and video scoping system allow the surgeon to make smaller incisions. The machines have become especially popular for gynecological and urological surgeries. Comparison studies on different types of surgeries in recent years have resulted in similar findings to Thursday's. A 2017 study over a 13-year period — comparing robotic and non-robotic laparoscopic procedures for kidney cancer — found no statistical difference in outcome or length of hospital stay, even though the robotic operations cost on average $2,700 more per patient. Another 2017 study on rectal cancer operations published in JAMA found no statistically differences in the rate at which robotic or non-robotic surgeries for rectal cancers — which begin in both cases as minimally-invasive surgeries — required a later more invasive open surgery. The main difference found in that study was also one of cost. The new Lancet study is the most rigorous comparison to date for a specific type of surgery called cystectom
Views: 19 Dongo NEWS
BLOOD IN STOOLS CAN BE CANCER
 
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stool k sath blood ana, stool paas krte time jalan hona, kabaj rehna, pait ka bhari bhari rehna, pait me dard hona, khana khane ke baad bhag kr toilet jana, khana hajam na hona, piles, ulcerative colitis, pait ke ulcer, khija khija rehna.
Views: 108 Dr Karun Verma
Symptoms of AIDS / HIV.   एड्स / एच.आई.वी के शुरुआती लक्षण क्या हैं ?
 
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AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a syndrome caused by a virus called HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). The disease alters the immune system, making people much more vulnerable to infections and diseases. This susceptibility worsens as the syndrome progresses. HIV and AIDS: What are they? HIV is the virus, which attacks the T-cells (CD-4 cells) in the immune system. AIDS is the syndrome, which appears in the advanced stage of HIV infection. HIV is a virus. AIDS is a medical condition. HIV infection can cause AIDS to develop. However, it is possible to be infected with HIV without developing AIDS. Without treatment, the HIV infection can progress and, eventually, it will develop into AIDS in the vast majority of cases. Once someone has received an AIDS diagnosis, it will always carry over with them in their medical history. CAUSES OF HIV AND AIDS HIV is a retrovirus that infects the vital organs and cells of the human immune system. The virus progresses in the absence of antiretroviral therapy (ART) - a drug therapy that slows or prevents the growth of new HIV viruses. The rate of virus progression varies widely between individuals and depends on many factors; These factors include the age of the patient, the body's ability to defend against HIV, access to healthcare, existence of other infections, the infected person's genetic inheritance, resistance to certain strains of HIV, and more. How is HIV transmitted? Sexual transmission - it can happen when there is contact with infected sexual fluids (rectal, genital, or oral mucous membranes). This can happen while having unprotected sex, including vaginal, oral, and anal sex, or sharing sex toys with someone infected with HIV. Perinatal transmission - a mother can pass the infection on to her child during childbirth, pregnancy, and also through breastfeeding. Blood transmission - the risk of transmitting HIV through blood transfusion is nowadays extremely low in developed countries, thanks to meticulous screening and precautions. However, among injection or IV drug users, sharing and reusing syringes contaminated with HIV-infected blood is extremely hazardous. Symptoms of early HIV infection Many people with HIV have no symptoms for several months to even years after becoming infected. Others may develop symptoms similar to flu, usually 2-6 weeks after catching the virus. The symptoms of early HIV infection may include: fever chills joint pain muscle aches sore throat sweats (particularly at night) enlarged glands a red rash tiredness weakness unintentional weight loss Asymptomatic HIV In many cases, after the initial symptoms disappear, there will not be any further symptoms for many years. During this time, the virus carries on developing and damaging the immune system and organs. Without being on medications to stop HIV's replication, this process can take up to 10 years on average. The infected person often experiences no symptoms, feels well, and appears healthy. Late-stage HIV infection If left untreated, HIV weakens the ability to fight infection. The person becomes vulnerable to serious illnesses. This stage of infection is known as AIDS. Symptoms of late-stage HIV infection may include: blurred vision diarrhea, which is usually persistent or chronic dry cough fever of above 100 °F (37 °C) lasting for weeks night sweats permanent tiredness shortness of breath (dyspnea) swollen glands lasting for weeks unintentional weight loss white spots on the tongue or mouth During late-stage HIV infection, the risk of developing a life-threatening illness is much greater. Life-threatening illnesses may be controlled, avoided,and/or treated with proper medications, often including HIV treatment. HIV and AIDS myths and facts There are many misconceptions about HIV and AIDS. The virus CANNOT be transmitted from: shaking hands hugging casual kissing sneezing touching unbroken skin using the same toilet sharing towels sharing cutlery mouth-to-mouth resuscitation or other forms of "casual contact" HIV blood tests and results Diagnosis is made through a blood test that screens specifically for the virus. If a person has been exposed to the virus, it is crucial that they get tested as soon as possible. The earlier HIV is detected, the more likely the treatment will be successful. A home testing kit can be used as well. After infection with HIV, it can take from 3 weeks to 6 months for the virus to show up in testing. Re-testing may be necessary. If the moment a patient was most at risk of infection was within the last 6 months, they can have the test immediately. However, the provider will urge that another test be carried out within a few weeks. AIDS treatments There is currently no cure for HIV or AIDS. Treatments can slow the course of the condition - and allow most infected people the opportunity to live a long and relatively healthy life.
Views: 9736 Ayurved care
Side Effects of Chemo for Colon Cancer
 
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When speaking about colon cancer treatment, it's important to discuss some of the side effects that come with treatment, particularly chemotherapy. Dr. Dayyani discusses these side effects and how modern medicine has learned to manage the side effects. LAST WEEK'S VIDEO - What Happens If I Don't Treat My Colon Cancer? http://youtu.be/cSEvt3umnZI SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE EXPERT INFORMATION AND BREAKING COLON CANCER NEWS http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=coloncancerdr VISIT COLONCANCERANSWERS.com FOR TONS OF INFORMATIVE VIDEOS http://www.coloncanceranswers.com/ SUGGEST THE NEXT TOPIC FOR OUR COLON CANCER EXPERTS! http://www.coloncanceranswers.com/ CONNECT WITH US! Google+ : http://bit.ly/169ii4g Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/ColonCancerAnswers Twitter : https://twitter.com/ColonCancerQA ______ Disclaimer: This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk. If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Views: 23683 Colon Cancer Answers
Tumour Dog Surgery, China
 
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The little dog we rescued with the massive mammary tumour needed a blood transfusion before and during her operation so Tie Dan, a black Labrador who was recently adopted from our shelter, came with his new owner to Doctor Li's hospital where he bravely donated blood so that the little dog could be saved. The surgery went smoothly and the little dog was soon back at our founder, Du Yufeng's house. She is a good patient and doesn't complain when needing medicines at all hours of the day and night. Thanks to Doctor Li for removing this big burden from her small body and thanks to you for donating the cost of the surgery. boaianimalcentre.org
Views: 165 Bo Ai Animal Centre
Cancer: Can a patient refuse treatment? - Dr Michael Osborn / Oncologist & Haematologist
 
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Although a young person over the age of 18 is legally able to refuse treatment, discussion would need to take place as to the risks the young person would be entering into. The Youth Cancer Services provide specialist treatment and support to young people with cancer aged 15-25. The services are staffed with expert doctors, nurses, social workers, psychologists and others experienced in working with young cancer patients. To find out more, visit http://www.youthcancer.com.au If you find any of the content distressing, you can call a CanTeen counsellor on 1800 835 932 (10am – 10pm AEST weekdays, 10am-6pm weekends) or LifeLine on 13 11 14. To connect with other young people who understand what dealing with cancer is like, join CanTeen’s online community at http://www.canteen.org.au/join
Female RA client before and after ten pass ozone
 
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TEN PASS LIVE BLOOD VIDEO. Video shows first 15 seconds of AM's blood before ten pass ozone. The second 15 shows same A.M's blood after one ten pass treatment. A.M had the treatment as she was in a lot of pain from RA. She could not bend one of her fingers and walking was painful. Immediately following 10 pass ozone AM's pain disappeared and she was able to bend her finger. Also AM had an ulcer forming in her eye which has also halved in size. Although this result is not unique when using ozone to treat RA, it is unique in the fact that this is only one session and when using MAH or the high dose Russian method it often takes between 15 and 30 sessions to note such a change in the blood and have the client pain free.
Views: 427 Healthy Healing
What is HIV? | HIV/AIDS is a serious infection
 
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» Help me 10.000 Subscribe, thanks, please: https://goo.gl/KZQvss What is HIV? HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. It damages your immune system, making it easier for you to get sick. HIV is spread during sex, but condoms can help protect you. HIV/AIDS is a serious infection HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It’s a virus that breaks down certain cells in your immune system (your body’s defense against diseases that helps you stay healthy). When HIV damages your immune system, it’s easier to get really sick and even die from infections that your body could normally fight off. HIV can affect anybody — about 1 million people in the U.S. are living with HIV, and more than 41,000 new infections happen every year. Most people with HIV don’t have any symptoms for many years and feel totally fine, so they might not even know they have it. Once you have HIV, the virus stays in your body for life. There’s no cure for HIV, but medication can help you stay healthy longer and lower your chances of spreading the virus to other people. Treatment is really important (that’s why getting tested is so important). People who have HIV and don’t get treatment almost always die from the virus. But with medication, people with HIV can be healthy and live a long time. What’s the difference between HIV and AIDS? HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV and AIDS are not the same thing. And people with HIV do not always have AIDS. HIV is the virus that’s passed from person to person. Over time, HIV destroys an important kind of the cell in your immune system (called CD4 cells or T cells) that helps protect you from infections. When you don’t have enough of these CD4 cells, your body can’t fight off infections the way it normally can. AIDS is the disease caused by the damage that HIV does to your immune system. You have AIDS when you get rare, dangerous infections or have a super low number of CD4 cells. AIDS is the most serious stage of HIV, and it leads to death over time. Without treatment, it usually takes about 10 years for someone with HIV to develop AIDS. Treatment slows down the damage the virus causes and can help people stay healthy for several decades before developing AIDS. How do you get HIV/AIDS? HIV is carried in semen (cum), vaginal fluids, blood, and breast milk. The virus gets in your body through cuts or sores in your skin, and through mucous membranes (like the inside of the vagina, rectum, and opening of the penis). You can get HIV from: having vaginal or anal sex sharing needles or syringes for shooting drugs, piercings, tattoos, etc. getting stuck with a needle that has HIV-infected blood on it getting HIV-infected blood, semen (cum), or vaginal fluids into open cuts or sores on your body In the U.S., HIV is usually spread through having unprotected sex. Using condoms and/or dental dams every time you have sex and not sharing needles can help protect you and your partners from HIV. HIV can also be passed to babies during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding. A pregnant woman with HIV can take medicine to greatly reduce the chance that her baby will get HIV. HIV isn’t spread through saliva (spit), so you CAN’T get HIV from kissing, sharing food or drinks, or using the same fork or spoon. HIV is also not spread through hugging, holding hands, coughing, or sneezing. And you can’t get HIV from a toilet seat. A long time ago, some people got HIV from infected blood transfusions. But now, giving or getting blood in medical centers is totally safe. Doctors, hospitals, and blood donation centers don’t use needles more than once, and donated blood is tested for HIV and other infections. ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ Thank you for watching! Wish you good health and happiness. Please like, share and subcribe to support us! Please Follow us: Subscribe: https://goo.gl/KZQvss Facebook: https://goo.gl/AN9oMu Google+:https://goo.gl/hcKhJw Twitter: https://twitter.com/DauBenh Gmail: dauhieubenh2017@gmail.com
Views: 238 Signs of disease
Tell Me a Story: Nurse and Lymphoma Patient Find Inspiration in Each Other
 
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http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/service/l/leukemia-lymphoma/default/ Third-grader Bailey Walker has lymphoma, a type of blood cancer. At 8 years old, she already has experienced things most people hope they never will: surgeries, chemotherapy and daily doses of medicine. She's also a survivor whose positive attitude inspires her nurses just as much as the nurses inspire Bailey. When she grows up, Bailey says she wants to be a hematology nurse. This is her story.
Views: 3707 Cincinnati Children's
Colonic Diverticulosis and Diverticular Hemorrhage
 
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Colonic diverticulosis predisposes individuals to lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage in up to 5% of cases. These sac-like protrusions are pseudodiverticula and arise due to a combination of anatomic, dietary, motility, and structural influences. In the setting of acute hemorrhage, patient stabilization takes priority, followed closely by maneuvers aimed at localizing and controlling blood loss. Through the use of an arsenal of tools including colonoscopy, angiography, and nuclear scintigraphy, most diverticular bleeds can be localized and subsequently controlled. When persistent and not controlled by colonoscopic or angiographic means, expeditious surgical resection serves as definitive therapy. PATHOGENESIS OF DIVERTICULAR BLEEDING The various colonic arterioles penetrate the muscular wall en route to the colonic mucosa. Sometime these arterioles can divide, with one branch penetrating the wall at the site of a diverticulum and the other branch passing external to the muscular layer and being displaced over the dome of the diverticulum. It appears likely that luminal traumatic factors, including chronic injury and impacted fecaliths which cause abrasion of the vessels, lead to the formation of ulcerations and erosions that ultimately result in hemorrhage. Structural changes occur in the wall of the affected vessel, with thickening of the intima and focal attenuation of the media. The anatomic basis for bleeding is thought to be asymmetric rupture of these intramural branches (the vasa recta) of the marginal artery at either the dome of the diverticulum or at its antimesenteric margin. Vessel disruption occurs on the mucosal side of the artery, as bleeding occurs into the lumen instead of into the peritoneal cavity. Inflammation is no longer the presumed underlying cause of diverticular bleeding as little or no inflammation is found in resected specimens and hemorrhage is rarely seen in the setting of acute diverticulitis. Diverticular hemorrhage is thought to occur in 3 to 5% of all patients with colonic diverticulosis, yet appears to cease spontaneously in up to 90% of patients. Transfusion of greater than four units of packed red blood cells is rare, with some data suggesting that when hemorrhage is limited to less than four units/day, bleeding stops in up to 99% of cases. After an initial episode of hemorrhage, rebleeding is likely to occur in 10% of patients in the first year; thereafter, the risk for rebleeding increases to 25% at 4 years. Emergency surgical intervention for ongoing massive hemorrhage is rarely necessary before attempts are made to localize the precise source of bleeding. This allows an orderly approach to identification of the bleeding site, which is essential for appropriate therapy. After the initial patient resuscitation and concurrent to the ongoing stabilization, diagnostic testing should begin. The choice of initial investigation remains controversial and depends on local availability of resources and expertise. "Urgent colonoscopy," completed within 6 to 12 hours of admission, is indicated in patients who have ceased to have ongoing significant hemorrhage and in whom resuscitation and hemodynamic stability have been achieved. The identification of the bleeding site is facilitated by cleansing the colon of clots, stool, and blood with a large-volume purge, most commonly administering 5 to 6 L of polyethylene glycol solution 3 to 4 hours before the colonoscopy. Patients presenting with massive ongoing lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage, which often compromises patient hemodynamics, are poor candidates for "emergent colonoscopy" as the procedure is technically difficult due to the inability to clear the mucosal surfaces of old or new hemorrhage. Finding a discrete, actively bleeding vessel in the unprepared bowel is difficult even for the most experienced endoscopist.
Views: 38792 DrMurraSaca
Benefits of Ozone Blood Therapy Treatment
 
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http://AMAskincare.com If you are human, you need ozone blood therapy. If not today, soon, you are going to benefit from ozone therapy. As a natural element, ozone is in fact one of the most powerful regenerative stimulants that exists in nature. Ozone not only promotes healing and regeneration, it stimulates the immune system in the most remarkable ways. If you have a joint issue. Maybe bad knees or a tennis elbow or carpal tunnel or even spinal issues or a rotator cuff in your shoulder. An injection of ozone into that joint will stimulate massive healing and regeneration. Ozone therapy is also extremely beneficial in an IV form for systemic issues. For instance, fibromyalgia or even arthritis or chronic inflammatory disease or chronic viral infections or candidiasis or even lyme disease. Ozone IVs are remarkably effective to bring you back to robust health and energy. We know oxygen being O2, that’s two oxygen molecules combined together into one molecule. That’s what we have in the air around us and that’s what we’re breathing. Ozone is O3, three oxygen molecules combine together. Ozone is a natural element and exists naturally around us in the environment. It’s in the atmosphere. It’s being created in the ocean and it’s also created every time a lightning bolt strikes during a thunderstorm, that’s why you get that incredible fresh smell after a thunderstorm. That’s because of the ozone that’s being created by the lighting. You can create ozone in a medical office with medical purity. We have pure oxygen and we put it into an ozone generator and we get pure ozone out of that. We can introduce that into the body in three different ways. You can actually put it into an IV for ozone blood therapy. I call them ozone IVs where we withdraw some of the blood of the patient just like you’re donating blood. We ozonate the blood and drip it right back into the body and that’s good for so many different conditions. For physiology, for the body, it is remarkably good for both. I personally do an ozone IV once a week because I am planning to live to be 109 and ozone is going to help me get there. You can also inject the ozone. I am a great case study as I have personally had ozone injections. I was in need of a total knee replacement. They were going to remove the old knee and replace it with a metal joint. I did a series of 3 or 4 ozone injections right into my knee. My limp is gone. My knee actually regenerated its articular cartilage. I have the MRIs to prove it. The third way to get ozone into the body is called insufflation. This is where you introduce the ozone into the body through one of the body cavities. You have to be careful not to breathe the ozone in. Breathing ozone is not a good thing. But introducing it through other cavities, you can inject or introduce ozone that way. Ozone IV Therapy is even effective for heart disease and for stroke. If you don’t have those two yet it will help you prevent getting them. Now, all the benefits of ozone therapy are available here at AMA Regenerative Medicine & Skincare. AMA Regenerative Medicine & Skincare Irvine / Newport Beach 949-428-4500 2302 Martin St. Suite 400 Irvine, CA 92612 Beverly Hills / Los Angeles 310-460-2444 6310 San Vicente Blvd. Suite 285 Los Angeles, CA 90048 LEARN MORE ABOUT OZONE THERAPY http://www.amaskincare.com/services/high-potency-vitamin-therapy/ SCHEDULE A FREE OZONE THERAPY CONSULTATION WITH OUR DOCTORS http://www.amaskincare.com/free-consultation-youtube/ WHAT IS OZONE THERAPY? A POWERFUL MICROBIAL INFECTION TREATMENT https://www.amaskincare.com/ozone-therapy-microbial-infection-treatment/ CONNECT With US! Google+ http://plus.google.com/u/0/+AMASkincare Facebook http://www.facebook.com/AMASkincare Pinterest http://www.pinterest.com/amaskincare/ Instagram http://www.instagram.com/amaskincare/ Twitter http://twitter.com/AMASKINCARE
Mercy's New daVinci Robot
 
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Surgeries performed with the daVinci robot allow a surgeon to make small cuts versus making longer, open incisions, recovery time is dramatically shortened and patients can return to an active lifestyle much more quickly. Other benefits include reduced trauma to the body, reduced blood loss and need for transfusions, less post-operative pain and discomfort, less risk of infection and less scarring.
Views: 224 Mercy Cedar Rapids
Group 5 (Hematology class) Occult blood test
 
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a group project for hematology class. What is Occult Blood Test The fecal occult blood test (FOBT) is a lab test used to check stool samples for hidden (occult) blood. Occult blood in the stool may indicate colon cancer or polyps in the colon or rectum — though not all cancers or polyps bleed. Typically, occult blood is passed in such small amounts that it can be detected only through the chemicals used in a fecal occult blood test. If blood is detected through a fecal occult blood test, additional tests may be needed to determine the source of the bleeding. The fecal occult blood test can only detect the presence or absence of blood — it doesn't indicate potential sources of bleeding. Why it's done Your doctor may recommend a fecal occult blood test to: Screen for colon cancer. If you're age 50 or older and at average risk of colon cancer, your doctor may recommend a fecal occult blood test every year to screen for colon cancer. In addition, however, you may need other screening tests that allow the doctor to examine the colon directly. Evaluate possible causes of unexplained anemia. Anemia is a condition in which there aren't enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to your tissues. Sometimes a fecal occult blood test is used to determine whether bleeding in your digestive tract — such as a bleeding ulcer — is contributing to anemia. source: https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-proc... Music Credits: Vlog No copyright Music
Views: 36 Dandan Titular
Study: 1 in 3 women receive unnecessary cancer treatment
 
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Researchers say one in three women with breast cancer detected by a mammogram receive unnecessary treatment. The chief medical officer of the American Cancer Society said some women are actually harmed by surgery, radiation and chemotherapy for tumors that would have been essentially harmless. He compared every small breast legion will turn deadly to racial profiling - some experts event call it over-diagnosis. While mammograms do help detect cancer early, medical professionals say women should know the risk.
Views: 75 FOX 47 News
Most advanced da Vinci® surgical system now available at UnityPoint Health® – St. Luke’s Hospital
 
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St. Luke’s is the first hospital in Cedar Rapids to acquire the most advanced da Vinci® surgical robot. The da Vinci Xi Surgical System was recently installed in St. Luke’s operating rooms. This is the fourth generation da Vinci robot, which has improved reach inside the body and provides surgeons an extended range of motion. These added benefits will aid surgeons performing several robot-assisted cancer surgeries at St. Luke’s – with a primary focus on colon, prostate and general surgeries. The Xi System immersive 3D-HD vision system provides surgeons a highly magnified view, virtually extending their eyes and hands inside the patient. The new surgical robot has an expandable technology platform designed to accommodate and seamlessly integrate a range of current technologies in areas such as imaging, advanced instruments and anatomical access. Since the robotic surgery program began in 2005 there have been 5,196 robotic surgeries performed at St. Luke’s. “St. Luke’s has been Iowa’s robotic leader for over a decade,” said Dr. Jon Rippentrop, St. Luke’s medical director of Minimally Invasive Surgery and Physicians’ Clinic of Iowa urologist. “More robot-assisted surgeries are performed at St. Luke’s than any other hospital in Iowa. We continue to see the use of this technology expanding in new ways, and this robotic platform positions St. Luke's Hospital to remain on the cutting edge of minimally invasive surgery, which will be of great benefit to patients. The hospital remains committed to offering the latest technology and minimally invasive surgery to eastern Iowans.” The da Vinci surgical robot allows surgeons to operate through tiny openings – about the size of a dime. The surgeon uses a special console with hand and foot controls to move the robotic arms, which hold the instruments to operate. A small, 3D-HD camera helps surgeons see and perform intricate surgical procedures. The robot translates the surgeons’ natural hand motions at the control console into corresponding movements of the robotic instruments. For most patients, da Vinci offers many benefits:  Shorter hospital stay  Less pain  Less risk of infection  Less blood loss and transfusions  Smaller incisions for minimal scarring  Faster recovery  Quicker return to normal activities  Fewer complications  Better clinical outcomes The robot cannot be programmed or make decisions on its own – the surgeon is 100 percent in control of the da Vinci at all times. Learn more at unitypoint.org/cedarrapids or call (319) 369-8209
Fight Against AIDS /  HIV ( In Hindi )
 
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Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ( AIDS ) was first reported June 5, 1981, when the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recorded a cluster of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (now still classified as PCP but known to be caused by Pneumocystis jirovecii) in five homosexual men in Los Angeles. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This condition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the immune system and leaves individuals susceptible to opportunistic infections and tumors. HIV is transmitted through direct contact of a mucous membrane or the bloodstream with a bodily fluid containing HIV, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluid, preseminal fluid, and breast milk.This transmission can involve anal, vaginal or oral sex, blood transfusion, contaminated hypodermic needles, exchange between mother and baby during pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding or other exposure to one of the above bodily fluids.Today, there are an estimated 33.3 million people living with HIV and AIDS worldwide. The government's(Government of India) major AIDS control initiative is the National AIDS Control Programme (External website that opens in a new window) and the premiere AIDS agency is the National AIDS Control Organization (External website that opens in a new window) or NACO. This organization aims to create a place in India where every person living with HIV is treated with dignity and has access to quality care. Every State has a State AIDS Control Society (External website that opens in a new window) run by the State government. These State societies are a part of NACO. What are the symptoms of AIDS? A person is diagnosed with AIDS when they have developed an AIDS related condition or symptom, called an opportunistic infection, or an AIDS related cancer. The infections are called 'opportunistic' because they take advantage of the opportunity offered by a weakened immune system. It is possible for someone to be diagnosed with AIDS even if they have not developed an opportunistic infection. AIDS can be diagnosed when the number of immune system cells (CD4 cells) in the blood of an HIV positive person drops below a certain level. Is there a cure for AIDS? Worryingly, many people think there is a 'cure' for AIDS - which makes them feel safer, and perhaps take risks that they otherwise wouldn't. However, there is still no cure for AIDS. The only way to stay safe is to be aware of how HIV is transmitted and how to prevent HIV infection. Don't hate them.Stop AIDS,Keep the Promise. To learn more about AIDS / HIV ,pls. Visit :- http://india.gov.in/citizen/health/aids.php http://www.aids-india.org/ http://www.aids.gov/ http://www.hivtest.org/ Audiovisual content administered by :bollywoodeverywhere
Views: 9143 Sujit Mondal
What are the advantages of laparoscopic surgery? - Dr. Paramesh K N
 
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Laproscopic surgery also referred as key hole surgery, minimally invasive surgery, videoscopic surgery is associated with several advantages over traditional surgeries.n- Primary advantage- allows use of small incisions instead of the large abdominal incisionsnused in surgeries before.n- Talk about the procedure, small incision , size 1.5 cm around belly button as compared tonthe large abdominal incision which was made before. After inflating abdomen, a clearnview is of the structures is established and a laproscope is inserted.n- There is reduced risk of bleeding because of the small incision used, and subsequently lessens the need of subsequent blood transfusion. Small incision size reduces risk of pain, bleeding and the post surgical wound is much smaller and healing is less painful as compared to large incisions which require long term pain relief- Small incision also leads to formation of smaller scar as compared to larger incision surgeries which are prone to herniation etc- Exposure of internal organs to contaminants is reduced as compared to open surgery which reduces risk of post-operative infection- The same or next day discharge in most cases reduces hospital stay.
Chemotherapy & anemia - Avera Cancer Institute
 
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Anemia is a decrease in the number of red blood cells in your body. We’ll go through the signs of anemia and what’s available to help.
Views: 234 Avera Health